Today’s reading is: Josh. 12:7-15:19
Joshua Chapter Twelve
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Thirty-one kings west of the Jordan (Josh. 12:7-24).
Joshua Chapter Thirteen
- Chapter Thirteen begins the division of the land, into the inheritance of the tribes of Israel.
- The Lord addressed Joshua in his old age, and charged him with passing the colors to the next generation (Josh. 13:1).
- Unconquered land remained (Josh. 13:2-6).
- The land was to be apportioned, so that each tribe could occupy their territory, and complete the Canaanite extermination.
- Nine and one-half tribes west of the Jordan still needed their inheritance (Josh. 13:7).
- Reuben, Gad, and ½ Manasseh already had their land-grant, east of the Jordan (Josh. 13:8-33).
- The Transjordan conquest was an incomplete conquest, but Reuben, Gad, and ½ Manasseh wanted the land anyway (Josh. 13:13).
- Joshua confirmed the instructions of Moses, and released Reuben, Gad, and ½ Manasseh from any further military obligations west of the Jordan.
Joshua Chapter Fourteen
- The land division continues, with the land west of Jordan (Josh. 14:1-5).
- Eleazar the priest has supreme spiritual authority.
- Joshua has supreme temporal authority.
- The heads of the households assist Eleazar and Joshua in the land allocation (Num. 34:17-29).
- Caleb makes a land request, which is granted and blessed by Joshua (Josh. 14:6-15).
Biographical note on caleb
There is some question as to the exact ancestry of Caleb. The genealogy in 1st Chr 2:18 mentions Caleb as the son of Hezron. On the other hand, Jephunneh the Kenezite is called Caleb’s father in Num 32:12. The Kenezites, descendants of Kenaz, seem to be one of the Edomite tribes roaming the deserts of Sinai (Gen 36:15). It was into one of these tribes, the Kenites, that Moses had married (Jdg. 1:16; 4:11). The migration of Israel northward attracted some of these people, and they joined themselves in faith to the Lord and to His people. Caleb’s family was attached to the tribe of Judah, and Caleb quickly gained a place of leadership. Although the chief of the tribe was Nahshon, son of Amminadab (Num 2:3), it was Caleb who represented the tribe as a spy and later as one of those who divided the land into tribal areas (Josh 21:12). It is said that Caleb was given his portion “among the children of Judah” (Josh 15:13), implying that he was not actually a member of that tribe. Centuries later, in the days of Saul and David the Calebites were still a distinct family in Judah and their part of the country seems to have been a separate enclave in the tribe (1st Sam 25:3; 30:14). [Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia]
Joshua Chapter Fifteen
- The first lot for land division went to Judah (Josh. 15:1-63).
- The tribal borders are established within the conquest borders previously stipulated (Josh. 15:1-12 cf. Num. 34:1-12).
- The Request of Caleb is confirmed, and details are provided for Caleb’s victories over the giants of Hebron (Josh. 15:13-20).
- Arba, the fallen angel who procreated Anak (v.13).
- Anak, the nephelim son of Arba (v.13).
- Anak’s clan chieftains: Sheshai, Ahiman, Talmai (v.14). Anakim are part of the Nephelim (Num. 13:33) + Anakim are regarded as Rephaim (Dt. 2:11).
(Chapter Fifteen continues tomorrow)