Today’s reading is: Josh. 10:1-12:6
Joshua Chapter Ten
- Chapter Ten is a summary of Joshua’s southern campaign.
- The capitulation of Gibeon had a tremendous impact among the Amorite kings of the Judean highlands (Josh. 10:1-5).
- Adoni-zedek is quite the contrast to Melchizedek (Josh. 10:1,3; Gen. 14:18).
- Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon choose to join forces and fight Israel in the field, rather than endure sieges individually.
- The 5 Amorite kings choose to begin their military campaign with a punitive strike against Gibeon.
- Having made a covenant with Gibeon, Joshua is obligated to protect Gibeon (Josh. 10:6-27).
- An all-night forced-march positions his armies in place to attack the Amorites (Josh. 10:9).
- Israel’s assault was a “smashing” success, as the Lord did most of the work Himself through His own artillery (Josh. 10:11).
- Joshua realized that additional daylight hours would be needed to complete the destruction of the routed Amorite armies.
- So, he issued a military command.
- The Lord executed Joshua’s order with an immediate and omnipotent response.
- The sun stood still.
- This is perhaps the greatest miracle recorded in the Bible, as God brought the revolution and rotation of the earth to a halt.
- Scientific treatment of this miracle has been written on extensively. Pastor Bolender especially enjoys “The Long Day of Joshua, and Six other Catastrophes,” by Donald W. Patten, © 1973 Pacific Meridian Publishing Company.
- Ancient History comparisons to Joshua’s longest day in secular records are detailed in “Worlds in Collision,” © 1950 Immanuel Velikovsky; The McMillan Company, New York.
- This miracle was recorded in the Bible, and in secular histories of the time (Josh. 10:13).
- The 5 Amorite kings were located, and imprisoned until the military action could be completed against their armies (Josh. 10:16-27).
- The armies of Israel pursued the fleeing Amorites, until the remnant of those forces found refuge in their cities (Josh. 10:19-21).
- The remainder of the chapter details Joshua’s southern campaign.
- Makkedah (Josh. 10:28).
- Libnah (Josh. 10:29,30).
- Lachish & Gezer (Josh. 10:31-33).
- Eglon (Josh. 10:34,35).
- Hebron (Josh. 10:36,37; 11:21,22). Caleb distinguished himself in this battle (Josh. 14:6-15; 15:13,14).
- Debir (Josh. 10:38,39). Caleb’s nephew Othniel distinguished himself in this battle, and won the hand of Caleb’s daughter (Josh. 15:15-17).
- Other various locations in the Negev (Josh. 10:40-43).
Joshua Chapter Eleven
- Chapter Eleven is a summary of Joshua’s northern campaign.
- Jabin, King of Hazor, assembled an alliance greater than Adoni-zedek’s alliance (Josh. 11:1-5).
- They numbered as the sand on the seashore, with infantry, calvary, and armor divisions (Josh. 11:4).
- Josephus estimated their combined strength as 300,000 infantry soldiers, 10,000 cavalry troops, and 20,000 chariots.
- In obedience to the command of the Lord, Joshua refused fear, and advanced by faith (Josh. 11:6-9).
- With the northern alliance defeated at Merom, the northern cities fell in due time (Josh. 11:10-18).
- The cities were plundered (Josh. 11:11,14,15; Deut. 10:16-18).
- Hazor was razed (Josh. 11:13).
- The remainder of the chapter gives some summary statement information about the central, southern, and northern campaigns (Josh. 11:19-23).
- Joshua learned from the Gibeon mistake, and never repeated it (Josh. 11:19).
- Joshua focused especially on giant-extermination (Anakim) throughout the Canaanite conquest (Josh. 11:21,22).
- The land’s rest from war lasted from the conclusion of Joshua’s active Conquest, to the beginning of the tribes’ settlement efforts (Judges).
Joshua Chapter Twelve
- Chapter Twelve is a historical review of Israel’s military victories, across the Jordan, and within the land of Canaan (Josh. 12:1).
- Sihon & Og, east of the Jordan (Josh. 12:2-6).
(Chapter Twelve continues tomorrow)