Today’s reading is: Deut. 16:18-21:9
Deuteronomy Chapter Sixteen
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Moses instructed Israel to establish local judges and officers to administer justice locally (Deut. 16:18-17:1).
- These judges presided over temporal-life legal issues (Deut. 16:18-20).
- These judges safeguarded spiritual-life idolatry issues (Deut. 16:21,22; 17:1).
Deuteronomy Chapter Seventeen
- Additional judicial instructions and procedures are put in place (Deut. 17:2-13).
- Reported violations of Commandment #1 must be thoroughly investigated.
- Confirmed violations of Commandment #1 must be immediately condemned.
- Any uncertainties in judicial proceedings were to be referred to an appropriate Levitical priest, or judge in office.
- Prophetic instructions are also put in place for the time when Israel demands a king (Deut. 17:14-20).
- God knew that the day would come when Israel would demand a king (Deut. 17:14; 1st Sam. 8:5,19,20).
- God maintained His Sovereign prerogative to select any king that would sit on the throne of Israel (Deut. 17:15; 1st Sam. 9:16,17; 10:24).
- The Lord prohibited the king to multiply horses, wives, and treasure (Deut. 17:16,17).
- The Lord instructed the king to write his own copy of the Law for himself when he assumes office, and to pursue a Daily Scripture Reading program (Deut. 17:18-20).
Deuteronomy Chapter Eighteen
- Moses reminds Israel of the sanctified place of the Levite in their society (Deut. 18:1-8; Ex. 29:9; Lev. 7:32-34; Num. 18:11,12,20).
- Moses warns Israel to avoid imitating the Canaanite’s occult practices (Deut. 18:9-14; Lev. 19:26-31).
- Moses gives a prophetic announcement of the coming Christ (Deut. 18:15-19).
- A Prophet like Moses (Deut. 18:15,18; Matt. 13:57; 21:11,46; Lk. 24:19; Jn. 4:19; 9:17).
- A Mediator between God and man (Deut. 18:16; 1st Tim. 2:5).
- This Prophet will speak only the words which God (the Father) gives Him (Deut. 18:18; Jn. 7:16,17; 8:28; 12:49,50; 14:10,24).
- This Prophet will have The Message for which rejection carries eternal condemnation (Deut. 18:19; John 3:18,36; 5:24; Acts 3:23).
- Moses also highlights the test for a true prophet (Deut. 18:20-22; 13:1-5).
- If the prophet has even one unfulfilled prophecy, he is a false prophet, and is to be stoned.
- If the prophet’s signs and wonders do come true, but his message is contrary to the Word of God, he is to be stoned.
Deuteronomy Chapter Nineteen
- Moses reminds Israel of the law concerning the cities of refuge (Deut. 19:1-13; Num. 35:9-34).
- Moses commands Israel to respect the boundary markers, as indicators of the Lord’s inheritance (Deut. 19:14).
- Moses reminds Israel of the law concerning the number of witnesses, and how to deal with false witnesses (Deut. 19:15-21; Num. 35:30; Deut. 17:6).
Deuteronomy Chapter Twenty
- Moses instructs Israel in the Lord’s expectations concerning military service and activity (Deut. 20:1-20).
- Military Rule #1: Do not be afraid (Deut. 20:1). Before each battle, the priests were to offer spiritual encouragement for the temporal conflict (Deut. 20:2-4).
- Military Rule #2: Exemptions from battle are only acceptable according to the Lord’s standards (Deut. 20:5-8).
- New home builders are exempt until their home is set in order (Deut. 20:5).
- New vineyard planters are exempt until their vintage comes in (Deut. 20:6), three years later (Lev. 19:23-25).
- Engaged men, and newlyweds are exempt until they have been married for one year (Deut. 20:6; 24:5).
- Cowards are exempt until they can learn to obey Military Rule #1 (Deut. 20:8).
- Military Rule #3: appoint a clear chain of command (Deut. 20:9).
- Military Rule #4: an offer of peace should be made before each battle against all external nations (Deut. 20:10-15).
- Military Rule #5: no peace offer is to be made against all the Canaanite nations within Israel’s inheritance (Deut. 20:16-20).
Deuteronomy Chapter Twenty-One
- Moses gives instructions for how city elders might deal with homicide investigations (Deut. 21:1-9).
(Chapter Twenty-One continues tomorrow)