Today’s reading is: Job 32-34
Job Chapter Thirty-Two
- Elihu is introduced, and rebukes the three prosecutors for not answering Job’s self-righteousness (Job 32). Elihu: אֱלִיהוּ ’ēliyhuw #453: He is my God. Son of God blesses (Barachel). House of contempt (Buz). Family of exalted (Ram).
- Elihu’s speeches are longer than twelve other OT books and seventeen of the twenty-seven NT books (Alden, Robert L. Job. Vol. 11. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993. Print. The New American Commentary).
- Elihu is angry against Job, and against the three accusers (Job 32:2,3).
- Against Job for his self-justification (v.2).
- Against the 3 accusers for their lack of answer to Job’s self-justification, and for their condemnation of Job (v.3).
- Elihu withheld his own message to Job in deference to the wisdom of his elders, but since that wisdom was lacking he ventures to speak (Job 32:4-10).
- Elihu assures his elders that his message is being given under a spirit’s compulsion (Job 32:11-22 cf. Ps. 39:1-3; Jer. 6:11; 20:9; Ezek. 3:14).
Job Chapter Thirty-Three
- Elihu invites Job to argue his case before him, and not be afraid as if he was before Divine majesty (Job 33:1-7).
- Elihu states that he has heard Job’s accusation of Divine unfairness (Job 33:8-11), and rejects Job’s accusation entirely (v.12).
- Elihu rejects Job’s complaint in that God is not accountable to Job, or any other created being (Job 33:13).
- Elihu explains that God uses external circumstances in life to teach man corrective and preventative lessons (Job 33:17).
- Elihu encourages Job to make application of this rebuke, and return to walking in the light (Job 33:23-33).
- He does not condemn Job for any sin prior to Job 3:1, nor does he assume that Job’s present afflictions are the consequence of any such sin.
- He does rebuke Job for mental attitude sins, and sins of the tongue subsequent to Job 3:1, and urges Job to make the necessary adjustments.
- Elihu is not condemning Job. His message is intended to bring about Job’s experiential justification (restoration to fellowship) (Job 33:32).
Job Chapter Thirty-Four
- Elihu urges the four older men to use this opportunity for collective edification (Job 34:1-4; echoing 12:11 & Isa. 1:18).
- Elihu reminds them all of Job’s very words, and how God’s nature renders Job’s conclusions impossible (Job 34:5-15).
- God is quite active in His supervision of men and nations (Job 34:16-28).
- Verses 29-33 are difficult in the Hebrew and missing in the LXX. They are a fascinating discourse on the silence of God. Elihu suggests that rather than demanding an explanation (e.g. Job 7:20,21; 13:23) (which God is not obligated to provide) Job should be seeking the instruction that chastisement provides.
- Elihu urges the four older men to agree with his conclusions (Job 34:34-37).
- Job’s words of self-justification are not consistent with the knowledge and wisdom of God’s Word (Job 34:35).
- Job’s testing needs to continue to the end because he is currently not passing the test by rebelling against God (Job 34:36,37).