Today’s reading is: Gen. 21:8-24:67
Genesis Chapter Twenty-One
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Sarah’s Mental Attitude Sin of jealousy prompted her continued hatred for Hagar & Ishmael (Gen. 21:9-11).
- Abraham was grieved over Sarah’s hatred, because he had developed a love for Ishmael (Gen. 21:11-14; 17:18).
- The Lord provides for Hagar as a single-mother (Gen. 21:15-21).
- Abraham will bestow gifts upon Ishmael after Sarah’s death, and Ishmael will join with Isaac in burying Abraham at his death (Gen. 25:6,9).
Genesis Chapter Twenty-Two
- God tested Abraham (Gen. 22:1). נָסָה nāsāh #5254: to test, try (Ex. 16:4; Deut. 8:2; Jdg. 2:22; 2nd Chr. 32:31; Ps. 26:1-3).
- The test was a test of Abraham’s faith and fear of God (Gen. 22:12).
- Abraham was instructed to take his “only begotten son,” the son that he loved, and sacrifice him (Gen. 22:2).
- This is the first use of “love” in Scripture.
- The “only son” does not disavow Ishmael’s existence, but affirms Isaac’s prominence.
- Abraham becomes a type (picture) of God the Father, Who sacrifices His only begotten son (Jn. 3:16), Whom He loves (Jn. 3:35).
- Human sacrifice, and specifically child sacrifice was a feature of pagan, Satanic religions (Lev. 18:21; 20:2; Jer. 19:5; 32:35; 2 Kgs. 3:27; 16:3; 17:17; 21:6; Ps. 106:37,38; Ezek. 16:21).
- Mt. Moriah will later be the site for Solomon’s temple (2nd Chr. 3:1).
- “On the third day” after pronouncing death for Isaac, God provided for Isaac’s life (Gen. 22:4), picturing an even greater resurrection life that will occur on the third day (Matt. 16:21; 1st Cor. 15:4).
- Abraham confidently told his servants that both he and Isaac would worship and return (Gen. 22:5; Heb. 11:17-19).
Genesis Chapter Twenty-Three
- Sarah’s lifespan is the only recorded lifespan in Scripture given for a woman (Gen. 23:1). Her life was relatively short, as her father Terah lived 205 years (Gen. 11:32); her ½ brother & husband Abraham lived 175 years (Gen. 25:7); her son Isaac lived 180 years (Gen. 35:28); her grandson Jacob lived 147 years (Gen. 47:28); and her great-grandson Joseph lived 110 years (Gen. 50:22).
- Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (Hebron) (Gen. 23:2).
- Abraham considered himself as a stranger and sojourner within the land that God had promised him (Gen. 23:4).
- Abraham will purchase the burial place for Sarah within the land that God had promised him (Gen. 23:4-20).
- Some of the Hittite inhabitants of Canaan have an orientation to Elohim, and understand that Abraham is God’s mighty prince (v.6).
- The cave of Machpelah becomes the burial place for Abraham, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, & Leah (Gen. 49:31).
- 400 shekels of silver is a vast sum of money in that day. A common laborer would only earn 1/30th of a shekel in a day, or 8-12 shekels each year (Code of Hammurabi, #273-277).
- In the next generation, these Hittites will become grievous to Isaac & Rebekah (Gen. 26:34,35; 27:46; 28:8).
Genesis Chapter Twenty-Four
- Abraham observes the snare that the pagan Canaanite women would be for his son, and so he arranges for Isaac’s wife from his own kinsmen (Gen. 24:1-4).
- Abraham also insists that Isaac must remain within the land of promise (Gen. 24:5-8).
- Abraham’s servant travelled to the city of Abraham’s brother Nahor, and allows God to bring the right woman to him (Gen. 24:10-14).
- He prays to the Father on the basis of God’s חֶ֫סֶד chesed #2617 lovingkindness (v.12).
- He looks for a grace-oriented woman, and allows God to send the right one (v.14).
- The servants prayers are answered beyond what he could ask or think, when God directs Rebekah to the right place at the right time (Gen. 24:15-27; Eph. 3:20).
- God provides a beautiful, pure woman.
- This woman is grace-oriented, in her watering of the camels, and her offer of hospitality.
- She is of Abraham’s family, the granddaughter of Abraham’s brother, Nahor.
- Rebekah’s brother, Laban, takes a prominent role in the marriage contract (Gen. 24:29-60).
- Laban takes action based upon the display of wealth that Abraham’s servant adorned Rebekah with (v.30).
- Laban refers to Abraham’s servant as the “blessed of YHWH” (v.31). He and his father seem to be respectful of YHWH, and yet not worshipful (vv.50-52).
- Laban focuses on temporal-life details, but the servant goes immediately to the spiritual-life assignment at hand (vv.32,33).
- Abraham and his servant each understood that this activity would involve both the Sovereignty of God, and the freewill of man (vv.7,8,40,41,49).
- The servant understood that God sovereignly appoints one woman for one man (v.44).
- With the marriage arranged, the servant bestowed Abraham’s gifts upon Rebekah’s family (v.53).
- Rebekah’s family attempts to delay her departure, but Rebekah is ready to fulfill the Lord’s will for her life (vv.54-58).
- The servant returns to Isaac with his new bride, and their marriage is blessed by the Lord (Gen. 24:59-67).