Today’s reading is: Mt. 1; Lk. 1; 3:23-38; Jn. 1:1-5
Matthew Chapter One
- Matthew begins with the Record of the Genealogy of Jesus Christ, Son of David, Son of Abraham (Matt. 1:1). Βίβλος γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ Δαυὶδ υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ.
- The Christ/The Messiah (Χριστός christos #5547) links Jesus to the Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ māshiyach #4899) prophecies of the Old Testament (Ps. 2:2; Dan. 9:25).
- The Son of David links Jesus to the Davidic Covenant—eternal Kingship over God’s chosen earthly people (2nd Sam. 7:8-16).
- The Son of Abraham links Jesus to the Abrahamic Covenant—eternal blessings for all the families of the earth (Gen. 12:13).
- Matthew’s record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ traces His legal line from Abraham down to Jesus’ legal (not physical) father Joseph (Matt. 1:2-17).
- The lineage is selectively edited to show three sections of fourteen generations (Matt. 1:1-7).
- From Abraham to Zerubbabel the lineage is consistent with the Old Testament.
- The lineage from Zerubbabel to Joseph is not established via the Old Testament.
- His lineage would have been “on the record” with the records kept in the temple.
- His enemies attacked his birth as coming from fornication, but never impugned his Davidic lineage.
- The five women recorded is highly unusual—a feature not usually found in Old Testament genealogies.
- The vocabulary shift in v.16 is critical. Joseph was not the physical father of Jesus.
- The circumstances of Jesus’ virgin birth are described from Joseph’s perspective (Matt. 1:18-25).
- During Joseph & Mary’s engagement, Mary became pregnant & Joseph planned a discreet divorce (Matt. 1:18-19).
- Joseph was a believer (righteous man) who sought Mary’s best interest.
- Joseph’s intentions were overruled by the faithfulness of God (Matt. 1:20-21).
- The virgin birth of Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy (Matt. 1:22-23; Isa. 7:14).
- Joseph responded to the angel’s message with unquestioning obedience (Matt. 1:24-25).
- Mary’s virginity ended after the birth of Jesus (Matt. 1:25) as she and Joseph gave birth to four more sons and at least two daughters (Ps. 69:8; Matt. 13:55-56).
Luke Chapter One
- The Gospel of Luke is a historical narrative researched by Luke and written to Most Excellent Theophilus (Lk. 1:1-4).
- Theophilus = God-lover. Θεόφιλος #2321 = θεός theos #2316 + φίλος philos #5384. Only here and Acts 1:1.
- “Most Excellent” suggests that Theophilus was a person of social and political prominence. Used of political figures: most excellent Felix (Acts 23:26; 24:3) and most excellent Festus (Acts 26:25).
- One likely candidate (not provable) is the Jewish high priest from 37-41AD. Jos.Ant. xviii,5,3; xix,6,2.
- Annas was high priest from 6-15AD. His son-in-law Caiaphas was high priest from 18-36AD. Both men are featured in the Gospels.
- Five sons of Annas also served as high priest prior to 70AD. Eleazer (16-17AD), Jonathan (36-37AD), Theophilus (37-41AD), Matthias (42-44AD), and Ananos II (3 months in 62AD).
- Matthew’s Gospel handles the narrative prior to the birth of Jesus from Joseph’s standpoint (Matt. 1:18-25). Luke’s Gospel handles the narrative prior the birth of Jesus from Mary’s standpoint.
- Beginning with Mary’s cousins—Zacharias & Elizabeth (Lk. 1:5-25).
- Continuing on to the virgin Mary (Lk. 1:26-38).
- Mary and her cousins together (Lk. 1:39-56).
- Concluding with John the Baptist (Lk. 1:57-80).
- Zechariah was a priest of the line of Abijah (Lk. 1:5,8-9; 1st Chr. 24:10). This was the one and only time he would ever be blessed to perform this task in the temple.
- John the Baptist would be a unique character in the Dispensation of Israel.
- He will be the greatest believer to ever live prior to the cross (Lk. 1:15a; Matt. 11:11).
- He will serve under a life-long Nazirite vow (Lk. 1:15b; Num. 6:121).
- He will have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit from the womb onward (Lk. 1:15c).
- Zacharias’ question prompted Divine discipline (Lk. 1:18-20), but Mary’s question prompted a patient explanation (Lk. 1:26-38).
- The difference may have been one of faith. Zacharias asked his question without faith, but Mary asked hers in faith.
- The difference may have been one of maturity & accountability. Due to his maturity and Godliness, Zacharias was expected to have greater faith and was therefore more accountable. Due to her youth, Mary was shown more patient grace.
- The song of Mary (Lk. 1:46-55) and the prophecy of Zacharias (Lk. 1:68-79) reflect a thorough understanding of OT doctrine.
Luke Chapter Three
(Outline continues from Day 277)
- Luke’s record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ traces His physical line from Mary’s father Eli back to Adam (and even God Himself) (Lk. 3:23-58).
John Chapter One
- The Gospel of John begins with an “In the beginning” that precedes the Gen. 1:1 “In the beginning” (Jn. 1:1-5).
- “The Word” ὅ λόγος ho logos #3056 is a title for God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.
- “Was” in the imperfect (ἢν ēn) expresses continuous action in the past—reflecting the eternal nature of God the Son.
- His work with (before) God the Father.
- His very essence as God.
- His unique position before God the Father.
- These elements of God the Son are powerful connections between Jn. 1:1-3 and Prov. 8:30-31.
- God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, ὅ λόγος ho logos was the primary Member of Trinity to accomplish the creation (Jn. 1:3,10; Col. 1:16).
- God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, ὅ λόγος ho logos was the Member of Trinity who furnished the light of life to the realm of humanity (Jn. 1:4; 5:26; 14:6).
- The light of the gospel of the glory of Jesus Christ is Sovereign over the realm of darkness that attempts to blind the eyes of the unbelieving (Jn. 1:5; 2nd Cor. 4:4).
(Chapter One continues on Day 277)