Today’s reading is: Zech. 1-5; Hag. 2; Ezra 5:2
Zechariah Chapter One
- Zechariah’s first message (Zech. 1:1-6) comes in between Haggai’s second and third messages. He calls upon the returnees to not repeat the mistakes that led to the captivity.
- Three months later, and two months after Haggai’s final message, Zechariah receives a series of eight night-visions (Zech. 1:7ff.).
- The rider on the red horse (Zech. 1:7-17).
- The four horns & four craftsmen (Zech. 1:18-21).
- The man with the measuring line (Zech. 2).
- Joshua the High Priest (Zech. 3).
- The golden lampstand & two olive trees (Zech. 4).
- The flying scroll (Zech. 5:1-4).
- The ephah and the women (Zech. 5:5-11).
- The four chariots (Zech. 6:1-8).
- The first night vision (Zech. 1:7-17).
- Zechariah has an angelic narrator (Zech. 1:14) who accompanies him and offers explanation.
- A man riding on a red horse. Behind him were three other horsemen—red, sorrel & white horses (Zech. 1:8).
- These are not to be identified with the chariots of the 8th vision (Zech. 6:1-8).
- Nor are they the white, red, black & ashen horsemen of the apocalypse (Rev. 6:1-8).
- The horsemen patrol the earth and establish peace through Persia (Zech. 1:11).
- With the world at peace the Angel of the Lord cries out to the Lord and asks “how long?”
- The Lord of Hosts assures the Angel of the Lord that His perfect timing is bringing about blessing to Zion.
- The second night-vision (Zech. 1:18-21).
- Zechariah sees the four horns (rulers) responsible for the scattering of the Jews.
- Zechariah sees four angelic craftsmen that are sent to throw down the Gentile powers that afflicted the Jews.
Zechariah Chapter Two
- Chapter 2 contains the third of the eight night-visions that Zechariah received.
- Zechariah sees another angel who is tasked with the rebuilding of Jerusalem (Zech. 2:1).
- The Lord dispatches another angel to instruct Zechariah’s narrator to inform Zechariah of the circumstances of Millennial Israel (Zech. 2:2-13).
Zechariah Chapter Three
- Night vision #4 is a view of Joshua the High Priest, and how he stands in heaven.
- In the courtroom of heaven, the Angel of the Lord (Lord Jesus Christ) is our advocate (1st Jn. 2:1).
- In the courtroom of heaven, Satan is our accuser (Rev. 12:10).
- The Lord called upon the Lord to rebuke Satan (Zech. 3:2).
- The (Angel of the) Lord Jesus Christ did not rebuke the Devil, but called upon the Lord (God the Father) to do so.
- Joshua has no condemnation as he is a brand plucked from the fire (born-again believer).
- Joshua’s eternal reward is seen, as his filthy garments are removed and he is clothed with festal robes.
- The turban is a special blessing in eternity reward for Joshua’s faithful service.
- Governance in eternity is a reward based upon faithfulness in time (Lk. 19:11-27)—as is free access to angelic realms of heaven (Rev. 3:4,5; cf. Rev. 3:12).
- Just as Zerubbabel has Messianic Kingship promises given to him (Hag. 2:20-23), Joshua receives Messianic Priesthood promises given to him (Zech. 3:8-10). Branch is a title for Jesus Christ (Zech. 6:12; Isa. 4:2; 11:1; 53:2; Jer. 23:5-6).
Zechariah Chapter Four
- Night vision #5: a golden lampstand and two olive trees (Zech. 4:1-14).
- Zechariah is eager to learn the significance of this vision, and insistently asks for greater explanation (Zech. 4:4-5).
- The angel does not answer Zechariah’s question, but delivers a Word of the Lord message (Zech. 4:6-7).
- Zechariah likewise receives a Word of the Lord message (Zech. 4:8-10).
- Zechariah still insists on understanding the symbolism of the vision (Zech. 4:11-14).
- As with the Tabernacle, the lampstand is Christ.
- Oil in Scripture is symbolic of the Holy Spirit.
- The olive trees are anointed believers in service to the Lord.
- Zerubbabel and Joshua were the two olive trees of Zechariah’s day. Two more will rise in the Tribulation (Rev. 11:4).
Zechariah Chapter Five
- Night vision #6: a flying scroll (Zech. 5:1-4).
- The Lord of Hosts is dispatching a curse upon the whole earth.
- Thieves are going to come into account by the One Who sees in secret.
- There are physical thieves and there are spiritual thieves (Mal. 3:8-10).
- Night vision #7: the ephah and the women (Zech. 5:5-11).
- Zechariah sees a traveling ephah (basket).
- He is allowed to peek under the lead cover and sees a woman inside, named Wickedness.
- Wickedness is sealed up and carried away. It has no place in Jerusalem, but will be removed to the source of its wickedness for judgment.
- Shinar is a reference to the region of Babylon from its earliest time (Gen. 10:10), and looking ahead to the fall of Babylon in the end times.
Haggai Chapter Two
- Chapter 2 contains messages two through four of Haggai’s short ministry.
- In message #2 Haggai asks the elders who remembered Solomon’s temple to make comparisons (Hag. 2:1-9).
- Ezra’s temple cannot compare with Solomon’s.
- Neither temple can compare with the temple yet to come (Ezekiel’s temple).
- In message #3 Haggai uses the people’s own knowledge of ritual purity and defilement to illustrate their need of an attitude adjustment (Hag. 2:10-19).
- In message #4 Haggai speaks to Zerubbabel the Persian governor (Hag. 2:20-23).
- He communicates the Lord’s promise to replace the signet ring which he removed in the days of Coniah (Jehoiachin) (Jer. 22:24).
- The eschatological theocratic kingdom blessings described here show how the son of Zerubbabel will rule to the glory of God (cf. Matt. 1:12-16).
Ezra Chapter Five
- Zerubbabel & Jeshua responded to the tough messages of Haggai & Zechariah by resuming their work on the temple (Ezr. 5:1-2).
(Chapter Five continues tomorrow)