Today’s reading is: Isa. 38-39; 2 Kgs. 20:1-19; 2 Chr. 32:24-31
Isaiah Chapter Thirty-Eight
- Isaiah 38 is parallel to 2nd Kgs. 20:1-11.
- Following the lifting of the Assyrian siege of Jerusalem, the Lord tested Hezekiah with the physical health test of a terminal illness (Isa. 38:1a).
- Isaiah reveals the Lord’s message and instructs Hezekiah to set his house in order (Isa. 38:1b).
- Hezekiah responds to Isaiah’s message with prayer (Isa. 38:2,3a), and great weeping (Isa. 38:3b).
- These are not necessarily sinful, selfish prayers by a man who doesn’t want to die (Heb. 5:7).
- These are the prayers of a pious man, who endures the perfection process of growth through testing (Heb. 5:8,9; Jas. 1:2-12).
- The Lord responds to Hezekiah’s prayer, and tears (Isa. 38:4-5).
- He answers Hezekiah’s personal needs.
- He answers Jerusalem’s political needs.
- The time-frame here is important.
- Hezekiah is granted an additional 15 years of physical life (Isa. 38:5).
- Manasseh is 12 years old when he succeeds his father (2nd Kgs. 21:1).
- Therefore, Hezekiah’s burden was for the Seed of David, which was on the verge of elimination (cf. Isa. 38:19).
- The miracle sign was given as evidence that the Lord will truly extend Hezekiah’s life (Isa. 38:7-8,21-22).
- Man cannot lengthen the extent of our determined lifespan (Job 14:5; Ps. 139:16; Matt. 6:27), but can volitionally shorten the extent of our determined lifespan through suicide (2nd Sam. 17:23).
- God can Sovereignly lengthen the extent of our determined lifespan (Ex. 20:12; Deut. 6:2; Prov. 3:2,16; 4:10; 9:11; 10:27), or shorten the extent of our determined lifespan through the Sin Unto Death (1st Jn. 5:16b; Acts 5:1-5).
- Hezekiah responded to the grace of God in his life by composing a psalm of praise (Isa. 38:9-20).
- Hezekiah was a collector of David’s psalms, and organized the Levitical choirs for their singing (2nd Chr. 29:30).
- Hezekiah was also a collector and compiler of Solomon’s proverbs (Prov. 25:1).
- Hezekiah was also an author in his own day (Isa. 38:9).
- This song is only recorded here, and not in the parallel accounts of 2nd Kgs. or 2nd Chr.
Isaiah Chapter Thirty-Nine
- Isaiah 39 is parallel to 2nd Kgs. 20:12-19.
- Merodach-baladan was a rebellious Babylonian ruler, who struggled numerous times to throw off the yoke of Assyria.
- Hezekiah’s successful resistance of Sennacherib’s military assault brought him considerable prestige on the international stage (2nd Chr. 32:22-23).
- Hezekiah’s illness & recovery was an opportunity for Merodach-baladan to curry favor, and find an ally in his many rebellious plans against Assyria (Isa. 39:1).
- Hezekiah’s pride brought about a sad end to an otherwise wonderful life (Isa. 39:2-8; 2nd Chr. 32:24-33).
Second Kings Chapter Twenty
- 2nd Kings 20 is parallel to Isaiah 38&39.
- 2nd Kgs. 20:1-11 = Isa. 38:1-22.
- 2nd Kgs. 20:12-19 = Isa. 39:1-8.
- In King Hezekiah’s account of the illness event, the immediacy of the answered prayer is observed (2nd Kgs. 20:4).
- In this account, the nature of Hezekiah’s illness is also more clearly seen (2nd Kgs. 20:7).
- In this account, Isaiah presents Hezekiah with a choice for which direction the shadow would move (2nd Kgs. 20:8-11).
- In Hezekiah’s account of the Babylonian envoy is virtually identical with Isaiah’s.
- God’s grace in giving Hezekiah 15 additional years of life allowed for Manasseh his son to come to the throne at the age of 12 (2nd Kgs. 20:20-21:1).
(Chapter Twenty continues on Day 214)
Second Chronicles Chapter Thirty-Two
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- The chapter closes with the spiritual accounts of the end of Hezekiah’s life (2nd Chr. 32:23-33).
- His international fame & temporal-life prosperity (2nd Chr. 32:23,27-30).
- His sickness & recovery is described as well as his lack of thankfulness when the Lord answers the prayer (2nd Chr. 23:24-26; 2nd Kgs. 20:1-11; Isa. 38:1-22).
- His foolishness with the Babylonian envoys (2nd Chr. 32:31; 2nd Kgs. 20:12-19; Isa. 39:1-8).
(Chapter Thirty-two continues on Day 214)
Sequence of Hezekiah’s later life:
- The Lord’s destruction of the Assyrian armies (2nd Kgs. 19:35).
- Hezekiah’s sickness and recovery (2nd Kgs. 20:1-11).
- Hezekiah’s pride and failure to honor the Lord (2nd Chr. 32:25).
- Hezekiah’s repentance (2nd Chr. 32:26), and hymn of praise (Isa. 38:9-20).
- Hezekiah’s international acclaim (2nd Chr. 32:22-23).
- Hezekiah’s temple treasury tour for the emissaries of Babylon (2nd Kgs. 20:12-13).
- Isaiah’s message of rebuke upon the house of Hezekiah, and the promise of Babylonian servitude (2nd Kgs. 20:16-19).
- Hezekiah’s death (2nd Kgs. 20:21).