Today’s reading is: 2 Kgs. 15:32-16:9; 2 Chr. 27:1-28:15; Mic. 1:1-16; Isa. 7
Second Kings Chapter Fifteen
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Jotham’s sixteen year reign over Judah is described (2nd Kgs. 15:32-38).
Second Kings Chapter Sixteen
- The sixteen year reign of Ahaz over Judah is described (2nd Kgs. 16:1-20).
- Ahaz was the most wicked king of Judah, until Manasseh comes along (2nd Kgs. 16:3-4).
- Like King Asa, who bribed Ben-hadad, king of Aram to attack King Baasha of Israel (1st Kgs. 15:18-22), Ahaz bribes Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria to attack King Rezin of Aram, and King Pekah of Israel (2nd Kgs. 16:5-9).
(Chapter Sixteen continues tomorrow)
Second Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Seven
- Chapter 27 describes the 16 year reign of Jotham (2nd Chr. 27:1-9; 2nd Kgs. 15:32-38).
- The chronology of Jotham is another puzzle for OT students, and perhaps the most difficult compared to the Uzziah and Hezekiah chronological puzzles.
- Jotham was a good king, who followed the Lord even though the people of Judah acted corruptly.
Second Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Eight
- Chapter 28 describes the 16 year reign of the evil king Ahaz (2nd Chr. 28:1-27; 2nd Kgs. 16:1-20).
- Ahaz followed the example of Israel in worshiping the Baals, and followed the example of the Canaanites in worshiping Molech (2nd Chr. 28:2-4; Deut. 12:29-31).
- The national Divine discipline upon Judah came in the form of military defeat and captivity to Aram & Israel (2nd Chr. 28:5-8).
- Oded the prophet was used by the Lord to secure the release of the Judean people from Israel (2nd Chr. 28:9-15).
(Chapter Twenty-Eight continues tomorrow)
Micah Chapter One
- The time-frame for Micah is established (Mic. 1:1). The references to Jotham, Ahaz, & Hezekiah make Micah a contemporary of Isaiah in the south, and Amos & Hosea in the north.
- Micah speaks three primary messages, all beginning with “Hear” (Mic. 1:2; 3:1; 6:1). Qal.imper. שָׁמַע shāma‘ #8085: to hear, listen to, obey.
- Micah’s first primary message is directed to all the world (Mic. 1:2-5).
- Swift judgment is coming upon the world (Mic. 1:3-4).
- Adonai Jehovah is the primary witness against the world (Mic. 1:2).
- The immediate cause for this worldwide judgment is the failure of God’s stewards in this world (Mic. 1:5).
- Israel’s judgment (Mic. 1:6-7) is a cause for sorrow (Mic. 1:8), as (the agent of) her destruction (Assyria) has come to Judah—even the very gates of Jerusalem (Mic. 1:9).
- Micah employs a number of puns to communicate the Assyrian invasion to his audience (Mic. 1:10-16).
- “Tell” (תַּגִּידוּ) and “Gath” (בְּגַת) sound similar in Hebrew.
- Beth-le-aphrah means house of dust.
- Shaphir means fair.
- “Zaanan” sounds similar to “go out” in Hebrew.
- Beth-ezel means house of protection.
- Maroth means bitter.
- Lachish (לָכִישׁ) sounds like “team” (לָרֶכֶשׁ).
- Achzib means deception.
- “The one who takes possession” & Mareshah sound similar in Hebrew.
Isaiah Chapter Seven
- Ahaz, King of Judah, is attacked by an Aramean/Israeli alliance (Isa. 7:1-2; 2nd Kgs. 16:5-6).
- The Lord dispatches Isaiah, and his son, Shear-jashub (a remnant shall return) to encourage the evil King Ahaz (Isa. 7:3-9).
- The LORD tells Ahaz to ask for a sign as proof of His prophetic message (Isa. 7:10-13).
- Believers are prohibited from putting the Lord their God to the test—as Israel tested Him at Massah (Deut. 6:16; Matt. 4:7; cf. Ex. 17:7).
- Believers do test the Lord at times (Jdg. 6:17-22,36-40), and in at least one instance are commanded to do so (Mal. 3:10).
- When Ahaz refuses, the Lord provides His own sign—the virgin will conceive and bear a son (Isa. 7:14-16).
- The sign is given to the house of David, and not just to Ahaz (v.13). It’s therefore a sign that cannot be expected to have an immediate fulfillment.
- The virgin’s child is the prophesied “God with us” Immanuel, fulfilled by the God-man, Lord Jesus Christ (Isa. 7:14; Matt. 1:23).
- The עַלְמָה ‘almāh #5959: virgin is contrasted with the בְּתוּלָה bethuwlah #1330: young woman, and greatly speculated on by scholars.
- The παρθένος parthenos #3933: virgin is beyond dispute or speculation.
- From childhood, Immanuel possesses the capacity no human being has possessed since Adam—spiritual life decisions from physical birth (Isa. 7:15).
- Ahaz is provided an immediate sign regarding the 65 year prophecy of Israel’s fall (v.8): the short-term prophecy concerning the forsaking of the Aramean-Israel alliance before Shear-Jashub is old enough to make spiritual-life decisions (Isa. 7:3,16).
- The immediate deliverance from Aram & Israel is assured, but so is the subsequent affliction of Judah at the hands of Assyria (Isa. 7:17-25; 2nd Kgs. 16:7-20).