Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 2 Kgs. 10:32-12:21; 2 Chr. 22:10-24:22


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2nd Kings Chapter Ten

(Outline continues from yesterday)

  1. During Jehu’s reign over Israel, the entire eastern region was lost to Hazael (2nd Kgs. 10:32-33).
  2. The chapter closes with the death of Jehu, and the ascension of his son, Jehoahaz (2nd Kgs. 10:34-36).

2nd Kings Chapter Eleven

  1. Athalia, the queen-mother of Judah, observed Ahaziah’s death as her chance to take the throne for herself (2nd Kgs. 11:1-3).
    1. She initiates the third purge of Davidic heirs in her day (2nd Chr. 21:4; 2nd Kgs. 10:12-14; 11:1-2).
    2. Ahaziah’s sister, Jehosheba (Jehoshabeath), rescued the youngest son, Joash, and hid him within the temple for six years (2nd Kgs. 11:3; 2nd Chr. 22:11-12).
  2. In the seventh year of Athaliah’s reign, Jehoiada the high priest revealed young Joash, and proclaimed him the true King (2nd Kgs. 11:4-12).
  3. Athaliah was executed for her treason (2nd Kgs. 11:13-16).
  4. Jehoiada supervised a national revival, and the removal of all Athaliah’s Baal influence (2nd Kgs. 11:17-18).
  5. King Joash began his reign at the age of 7 (2nd Kgs. 11:19-21).

2nd Kings Chapter Twelve

  1. The reign of Joash (Jehoash) is detailed (2nd Kgs. 12:1-21).
  2. Joash had a good reign, during the life of Jehoiada (2nd Kgs. 12:2), with only one sin of omission (v.3).
  3. Joash designated a freewill offering for the renovation of Solomon’s temple (2nd Kgs. 12:4-5).
    1. The building fund was not appropriately designated, however, and so Jehoiada separated the temple operating budget from the building fund (2nd Kgs. 12:6-8,13-16).
    2. They set up a grace-box, and the funds were given by the king’s scribe and the High-priest to the general contractors for the proper payment of all subcontractors (2nd Kgs. 12:9-12).
  4. While Chronicles records additional evil activity on Joash’s part, after the death of Jehoiada, Kings only records the tribute Joash paid to Hazael (2nd Kgs. 12:17-18).
  5. Joash was assassinated by his servants, and replaced by his son, Amaziah (2nd Kgs. 12:19-21).

2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Two

(Outline continues from yesterday)

  1. God was faithful to preserve the line of David, and arranged for the infant Joash to be preserved (2nd Chr. 22:11-12; 2nd Kgs. 11:2-3).

2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Three

  1. Jehoiada the high priest raised the boy Joash in the nurture and admonition of the Lord, and supervised his coronation as the rightful King of Judah (2nd Chr. 23:1-11).
  2. Jehoiada the high priest supervised the execution of Queen Athaliah (2nd Chr. 23:12-15).
  3. Jehoiada the high priest supervised the national revival of Judah (2nd Chr. 23:16-21).

2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Four

  1. The 40 year reign of good King Joash is described (2nd Chr. 24:1ff.).  He was a good king during the days of Jehoiada the priest, but turned to idols after his death (2nd Chr. 24:2,17-18; 2nd Kgs. 12:1-3).
  2. Joash restored the Temple which Athaliah and her sons had defiled (2nd Chr. 24:4-7).  He funded this restoration through the temple tax requirements of the Law (Ex. 30:12-16), and through the principle of volitional grace giving (2nd Chr. 24:8-14).
  3. Jehoiada death & burial is described (2nd Chr. 24:15-16).
    1. He died at 130 years of age—an age surpassing even Moses, and quite remarkable for his dispensation.
    2. Joash reigned (approx.) from 836-798BC.  Jehoiada lived through at least the 23rd year of Joash’s reign (2nd Kgs. 12:6), making 813BC the earliest year for his death.
    3. Jehoiada’s birth must have been around 943BC, during the reign of Solomon (970-930BC).
    4. He was buried among the kings as he was the regent for Joash in his youth.
  4. Following the death of Jehoiada, the officials of Judah influenced Joash to return to idolatry (2nd Chr. 24:17-18).
  5. The end of Joash is similar to the end of Asa—warnings from the Lord rejected by the prideful king (2nd Chr. 24:19-27 cf. 2nd Chr. 16:7-14).
    1. Several prophets were sent (2nd Chr. 24:19), likely including Joel.
    2. Zechariah the (grand)son of Jehoiada stood with the most public rebuke, so Joash had him killed (2nd Chr. 24:20-22).
    3. The military defeat and humiliation at the hands of Aram is described in 2nd Kgs. 12:17-18), but the spiritual reason for this action is revealed here (2nd Chr. 24:23-27).