Today’s reading is: 2 Kgs. 10:32-12:21; 2 Chr. 22:10-24:22
2nd Kings Chapter Ten
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- During Jehu’s reign over Israel, the entire eastern region was lost to Hazael (2nd Kgs. 10:32-33).
- The chapter closes with the death of Jehu, and the ascension of his son, Jehoahaz (2nd Kgs. 10:34-36).
2nd Kings Chapter Eleven
- Athalia, the queen-mother of Judah, observed Ahaziah’s death as her chance to take the throne for herself (2nd Kgs. 11:1-3).
- She initiates the third purge of Davidic heirs in her day (2nd Chr. 21:4; 2nd Kgs. 10:12-14; 11:1-2).
- Ahaziah’s sister, Jehosheba (Jehoshabeath), rescued the youngest son, Joash, and hid him within the temple for six years (2nd Kgs. 11:3; 2nd Chr. 22:11-12).
- In the seventh year of Athaliah’s reign, Jehoiada the high priest revealed young Joash, and proclaimed him the true King (2nd Kgs. 11:4-12).
- Athaliah was executed for her treason (2nd Kgs. 11:13-16).
- Jehoiada supervised a national revival, and the removal of all Athaliah’s Baal influence (2nd Kgs. 11:17-18).
- King Joash began his reign at the age of 7 (2nd Kgs. 11:19-21).
2nd Kings Chapter Twelve
- The reign of Joash (Jehoash) is detailed (2nd Kgs. 12:1-21).
- Joash had a good reign, during the life of Jehoiada (2nd Kgs. 12:2), with only one sin of omission (v.3).
- Joash designated a freewill offering for the renovation of Solomon’s temple (2nd Kgs. 12:4-5).
- The building fund was not appropriately designated, however, and so Jehoiada separated the temple operating budget from the building fund (2nd Kgs. 12:6-8,13-16).
- They set up a grace-box, and the funds were given by the king’s scribe and the High-priest to the general contractors for the proper payment of all subcontractors (2nd Kgs. 12:9-12).
- While Chronicles records additional evil activity on Joash’s part, after the death of Jehoiada, Kings only records the tribute Joash paid to Hazael (2nd Kgs. 12:17-18).
- Joash was assassinated by his servants, and replaced by his son, Amaziah (2nd Kgs. 12:19-21).
2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Two
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- God was faithful to preserve the line of David, and arranged for the infant Joash to be preserved (2nd Chr. 22:11-12; 2nd Kgs. 11:2-3).
2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Three
- Jehoiada the high priest raised the boy Joash in the nurture and admonition of the Lord, and supervised his coronation as the rightful King of Judah (2nd Chr. 23:1-11).
- Jehoiada the high priest supervised the execution of Queen Athaliah (2nd Chr. 23:12-15).
- Jehoiada the high priest supervised the national revival of Judah (2nd Chr. 23:16-21).
2nd Chronicles Chapter Twenty-Four
- The 40 year reign of good King Joash is described (2nd Chr. 24:1ff.). He was a good king during the days of Jehoiada the priest, but turned to idols after his death (2nd Chr. 24:2,17-18; 2nd Kgs. 12:1-3).
- Joash restored the Temple which Athaliah and her sons had defiled (2nd Chr. 24:4-7). He funded this restoration through the temple tax requirements of the Law (Ex. 30:12-16), and through the principle of volitional grace giving (2nd Chr. 24:8-14).
- Jehoiada death & burial is described (2nd Chr. 24:15-16).
- He died at 130 years of age—an age surpassing even Moses, and quite remarkable for his dispensation.
- Joash reigned (approx.) from 836-798BC. Jehoiada lived through at least the 23rd year of Joash’s reign (2nd Kgs. 12:6), making 813BC the earliest year for his death.
- Jehoiada’s birth must have been around 943BC, during the reign of Solomon (970-930BC).
- He was buried among the kings as he was the regent for Joash in his youth.
- Following the death of Jehoiada, the officials of Judah influenced Joash to return to idolatry (2nd Chr. 24:17-18).
- The end of Joash is similar to the end of Asa—warnings from the Lord rejected by the prideful king (2nd Chr. 24:19-27 cf. 2nd Chr. 16:7-14).
- Several prophets were sent (2nd Chr. 24:19), likely including Joel.
- Zechariah the (grand)son of Jehoiada stood with the most public rebuke, so Joash had him killed (2nd Chr. 24:20-22).
- The military defeat and humiliation at the hands of Aram is described in 2nd Kgs. 12:17-18), but the spiritual reason for this action is revealed here (2nd Chr. 24:23-27).