Today’s reading is: 1 Kgs. 4; Psa. 72; 127
1st Kings Four
- Solomon imitated his father David, in organizing his kingdom with clear delegated responsibilities (1st Kgs. 4:1-6).
- The description of Solomon’s reign is an overall thumbnail sketch. Many of the events referred to must have happened after a number of years pass by.
- Solomon designated twelve deputies (district governors) to administer local areas, and to provide for the king’s administrative expenses (1st Kgs. 4:7-19,26-28).
- Israel enjoyed temporal-life prosperity (a good economy) during Solomon’s reign (1st Kgs. 4:20,25).
- Solomon ruled over a vast territory from the Euphrates to Egypt (1st Kgs. 4:21,24), exacting tribute from the lands beyond the territory of Israel (from Dan to Beersheba) (1st Kgs. 4:25).
- Solomon’s wisdom appears to be oriented towards temporal-life matters (1st Kgs. 4:29-34).
- His wisdom is compared to other examples of human wisdom (1st Kgs. 4:30-31).
- He spoke 3,000 proverbs (1st Kgs. 4:32a). The Book of Proverbs, and the Book of Ecclesiastes only record a few hundred of these 3,000 proverbs.
- He wrote 1,005 songs (1st Kgs. 4:32b). Psalm 72 & 127, and Song of Solomon are the only songs recorded in Scripture.
- His wisdom included botany and zoology (1st Kgs. 4:33).
- His wisdom was esteemed by other kinds throughout the earth (1st Kgs. 4:34).
- A note on authorship:
- The prescript to Psalm 72 ascribes this psalm to (or for) Solomon.
- The last verse credits the psalm as the last of David’s prayers.
- Verse 1 includes both the king, and the king’s son.
- Psalm 72 is most likely David’s prayer for Solomon while David was on his death bed (1st Kgs. 2:1-4), and was put to music by Solomon after David’s death.
- David’s prayer is for Solomon to rule with God’s righteousness (Ps. 72:1-4).
- David’s prayer is for Solomon’s subjects to fear the Lord (Ps. 72:5-7).
- David’s prayer is for Solomon’s enemies to bow before him in service (Ps. 72:8-11).
- David’s prophetic prayer goes beyond Solomon to foretell the greater Son of David, the Lord Jesus Christ (Ps. 72:12-19).
Psalm One Hundred Twenty-Seven
- Psalm 127 is Solomon’s contribution to the Psalms of Ascents (Ps. 120-134).
- Solomon recognized that every effort apart from the work of the Lord is a wasted effort (Ps. 127:1-2).
- Spiritual life (the house, i.e. temple).
- Public life (the city).
- Private life (career, work).
- A blessed family life is the greatest temporal-life blessing we can enjoy (Ps. 127:3-5).