Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 2 Sam. 2:1-3:5; 23:8-39; 1 Chr. 3:1-4; 11:10-47


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2nd Samuel Chapter Two

  1. David becomes the King of Judah (2nd Sam. 2:1-7).
  2. Ish-Bosheth becomes the King of Israel (2nd Sam. 2:8-11).
  3. The time-frame is established (2nd Sam. 2:10-11).
    1. Ish-Bosheth reigned for two years.
    2. David reigned in Judah for seven and one-half years.
    3. The likely harmonization fixes 5½ years for Abner to reclaim Israel from the Philistines and install Ish-Bosheth as the king (cf. 1st Sam. 31:7).
  4. Civil war erupted between Judah & Israel (2nd Sam. 2:12-17).
    1. The opposing generals met at the pool of Gibeon, and initiated a contest for the rule of the twelve tribes (2nd Sam. 2:12-15).
      1. Joab is David’s nephew (1st Chr. 2:15-16), and the General of David’s armies (2nd Sam. 2:13-14).
        1. Joab has only been referred to one prior time in Scripture (1st Sam. 26:6), in a passing reference as the brother of Abishai.
        2. Joab will later solidify his position as General of the Armies through personal valor at Jerusalem (1st Chr. 11:4-9).
        3. Joab will never be listed as one of David’s mighty men (2nd Sam. 23:8-39; 1st Chr. 11:10-47).
      2. Abner is Ish-Bosheth’s great-uncle, and the General of Saul’s armies (1st Sam. 14:50-51).
    2. The twelve on twelve gladiatorial combat resulted in all twenty-four participants being killed (2nd Sam. 2:16).
    3. General battle then erupted with David’s men smashing Ish-Bosheth’s men (2nd Sam. 2:17,30-31).
      1. David’s forces lost twenty men.
      2. Ish-Bosheth lost 360 men.
  5. After the battle, Asahel (the brother of Joab & Abishai) continued to pursue Abner, who unwillingly had to kill him for his own self-defense (2nd Sam. 2:18-32).

2nd Samuel Chapter Three + 1st Chronicles Chapter Three

  1. David’s house increases in his early reign through multiple marriages, and multiple children (2nd Sam. 3:1-5; 1st Chr. 3:14).
    1. Amnon, “Faithful.”  אַמְנׄון amnown #550.  אָמַן ’āman #539: to confirm, support.  Son of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess.  Amnon is featured primarily in 2nd Sam. 13.
    2. Chileab, “Like his father.”  כִּלְאָב kil’āb #3609.  In 1st Chr. 3:1, he is known as Daniel, “God is my judge.”  Son of Abigail the Carmelitess, widow of foolish Nabal (1st Sam. 25:3ff.).  Chileab is not prominently featured in Scripture.
    3. Absalom, “My father is peace.”  אֲבִישָׁלֹום ’abiyshālowm #53: אָב ’āb #1 + שָׁלֹום shālowm #7965: peace.  Son of Maacah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur.  Absalom is primarily featured in 2nd Sam. 13-19.
    4. Adonijah, “My Lord is YHWH.” אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ ’adoniyyāhu #138.  אָדֹון ’ādown #113: lord + יהוה YHWH #3068.  Son of Haggith.  Adonijah is primarily featured in 1st Kgs. 1&2.
    5. Shephatiah, “YHWH has judged.” שְׁפַטְיָה shephatyāh #8203.  שָׁפַט shāphat #8199: to judge, govern + יהוה YHWH #3068.  Son of Abital.  Shephatiah is not featured elsewhere.
    6. Ithream, “Profit of the people.” יִתְרְעָם yithre‘ām #3507.  יֶתֶר yether #3499: remainder, excess + עַם ‘am #5971: people.  Son of Eglah.  Ithream is not featured elsewhere.

(2nd Samuel Chapter Three continues tomorrow. 1st Chronicles Chapter Three continues on Days 116, 120, 231, 259)

2nd Samuel Chapter Twenty-Three + 1st Chronicles Chapter Eleven

(2nd Samuel Outline continues from Day 130. 1st Chronicles Outline continues from Day 116)

  1. David’s mighty men are then described (2nd Sam. 23:8-39; cf. 1st Chr. 11:10-47).
    1. גִּבֹּור gibbowr #1368: strong, mighty.
    2. The mighty man is not victorious because of his strength (Ps. 33:16), but because of his understanding and knowledge of the Lord (Jer. 9:23-24). 
    3. 37 men are listed (2nd Sam. 23:39), although the platoon of heroes is simply called “the thirty” (2nd Sam. 23:18).
      1. “The Three” (2nd Sam. 23:8-17).
      2. Greater than “The Thirty,” but not quite equal to “The Three” (2nd Sam. 23:18-23).
      3. “The Thirty” (2nd Sam. 23:24-39).
  2. The Chronicler details an additional 16 names after Uriah the Hittite, reflecting additional spiritual heroes which joined the elite unit after 1st & 2nd Samuel were written (1st Chr. 11:10-47).