Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 1 Sam. 30-31; 1 Chr. 9:40-44; 10:1-14; 12:20-22; 2 Sam. 1; 4:4


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1st Samuel Chapter Thirty

  1. During David’s absence, the Amalekites raided Ziklag, and took the Hebrew & Philistine wives and children captive (1st Sam. 30:1-5).
  2. This was the Lord’s Divine discipline in David’s life, designed to bring David to repentance.
  3. David and his men come through their emotional trauma in two opposite directions (1st Sam. 30:6).
    1. The people’s grief produced a bitter soul that was intent on murder.
    2. David’s grief produced great pressure that was strengthened in the Lord.
      Principle #1: Personal loyalty will be overcome by personal interests (Matt. 16:23).
      Principle #2: Divine loyalty is maintained by Divine interests (Matt. 26:39).
  4. David goes to the Father in prayer for the first time in a long time (1st Sam. 30:7,8; cp. 1st Sam. 23:2,4,6,9-12).
    1. He asks of the Lord.
    2. The Lord answers him (Jas. 1:5).
  5. The Lord’s next instrument for David’s instruction is an anonymous Egyptian (1st Sam. 30:11-15).
    1. The Egyptian was a foreign lackey of the Amalekites, who was no longer of any benefit to his former masters.
    2. David undoubtedly made the connection with himself, as a foreign lackey of the Philistines, and how they had summarily dismissed him.
  6. The Lord provides a great victory for David, and in His grace, provides for the restoration of all the families of Ziklag (1st Sam. 30:16-20).
  7. David’s restoration to fellowship with God is marked by his spiritual capacity to instruct his men in God’s revealed will for the distribution of booty (1st Sam. 30:21-31).

1st Samuel Chapter Thirty-One

  1. By the grace of God, David is spared from observing, or even participating in, the death of Saul & Jonathan.
  2. Saul’s three oldest sons were slain on Mt. Gilboa (1st Sam. 31:1,2).  Ish-bosheth is not present for this battle, and will shortly succeed his father on the throne of Israel (2nd Sam. 2:8-10).
  3. Saul is wounded, and asks his armor bearer to put him to death (1st Sam. 31:3,4a).
  4. When the armor bearer won’t do it, Saul takes his own life, becoming one of only five recorded suicides in Scripture (1st Sam. 31:4b).
  5. The Philistines enjoyed their plundering of Israel, and displayed Saul’s headless body for their enjoyment (1st Sam. 31:5-10).
  6. The men of Jabesh-gilead repaid their debt to Saul by rescuing his body, and burying him at Jabesh (1st Sam. 31:11-13; cf. 1st Sam. 11:1-13).

1st Chronicles Chapter Nine

(Outline continues from Day 106)

  1. At the time of their Z-E-N* Returnings to the land, Ezra (the Chronicler) begins to review their spiritual heritage & history—beginning with the genealogy of Saul (1st Chr. 9:35-44), and introducing the history of Saul (1st Chr. 10).

1st Chronicles Chapter Ten

  1. Ezra begins his review of the spiritual heritage of Israel by recording the death of Saul (1st Chr. 10:1-14; 1st Sam. 31:1-13).
  2. For Ezra, the return from Babylon to Jerusalem was reminiscent of the transition from Saul to David.
  3. Ezra’s account of Saul’s death features a detail not found in 1st Samuel: the hanging of Saul’s head in the temple of Dagon (1st Chr. 10:10).
  4. Ezra’s account is more than a history—it is a spiritual commentary.  The reign of Saul is ended and the dynasty of David begins as a Sovereign act of God as a consequence of Saul’s disobedience (1st Chr. 10:13,14).

1st Chronicles Chapter Twelve

(Outline continues from yesterday)

  1. Men joined him on his way to the battle of Mt. Gilboa (1st Chr. 12:19), and on his way back to Ziklag (1st Chr. 12:20-22; 1st Sam. 30).

(Chapter Twelve continues on Day 116)

2nd Samuel Chapter One (+ 2 Sam. 4:4)

  1. Upon David’s return to Ziklag, he receives a report on the Philistine-Israel war (2nd Sam. 1:1-16).
    1. Since it is a three day journey from the battlefront to Ziklag (1st Sam. 30:1), David comes to know that the death of Saul & Jonathan occurred on the same day as the rescue of Abigail & Ahinoam.
    2. It was an Egyptian refugee that gave David good news (1st Sam. 30:13ff.), but it is an Amalekite refugee that gives David the bad news about Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:8).
    3. The Amalekite lies about his role in Saul’s death, in a worldly attempt to find favor in David’s eyes (2nd Sam. 1:6-10).
    4. David executes the Amalekite for his confessed role in Saul’s death (2nd Sam. 1:14-16).
  2. David composed a lament for Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:17-27).
    1. He intended the sons of Judah to learn the song (2nd Sam. 1:18a).
    2. It was recorded in the Book of Jashar (2nd Sam. 1:18b; cf. Josh. 10:13).
    3. He desired that this song not be made known to the Philistines (2nd Sam. 1:20).
    4. He curses the location of their death (2nd Sam. 1:21).
    5. He praises the life and union of Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:22-24).
    6. He laments Jonathan especially in his conclusion (2nd Sam. 1:25-27).