Today’s reading is: 1 Sam. 30-31; 1 Chr. 9:40-44; 10:1-14; 12:20-22; 2 Sam. 1; 4:4
1st Samuel Chapter Thirty
- During David’s absence, the Amalekites raided Ziklag, and took the Hebrew & Philistine wives and children captive (1st Sam. 30:1-5).
- This was the Lord’s Divine discipline in David’s life, designed to bring David to repentance.
- David and his men come through their emotional trauma in two opposite directions (1st Sam. 30:6).
- The people’s grief produced a bitter soul that was intent on murder.
- David’s grief produced great pressure that was strengthened in the Lord.
Principle #1: Personal loyalty will be overcome by personal interests (Matt. 16:23).
Principle #2: Divine loyalty is maintained by Divine interests (Matt. 26:39).
- David goes to the Father in prayer for the first time in a long time (1st Sam. 30:7,8; cp. 1st Sam. 23:2,4,6,9-12).
- He asks of the Lord.
- The Lord answers him (Jas. 1:5).
- The Lord’s next instrument for David’s instruction is an anonymous Egyptian (1st Sam. 30:11-15).
- The Egyptian was a foreign lackey of the Amalekites, who was no longer of any benefit to his former masters.
- David undoubtedly made the connection with himself, as a foreign lackey of the Philistines, and how they had summarily dismissed him.
- The Lord provides a great victory for David, and in His grace, provides for the restoration of all the families of Ziklag (1st Sam. 30:16-20).
- David’s restoration to fellowship with God is marked by his spiritual capacity to instruct his men in God’s revealed will for the distribution of booty (1st Sam. 30:21-31).
1st Samuel Chapter Thirty-One
- By the grace of God, David is spared from observing, or even participating in, the death of Saul & Jonathan.
- Saul’s three oldest sons were slain on Mt. Gilboa (1st Sam. 31:1,2). Ish-bosheth is not present for this battle, and will shortly succeed his father on the throne of Israel (2nd Sam. 2:8-10).
- Saul is wounded, and asks his armor bearer to put him to death (1st Sam. 31:3,4a).
- When the armor bearer won’t do it, Saul takes his own life, becoming one of only five recorded suicides in Scripture (1st Sam. 31:4b).
- The Philistines enjoyed their plundering of Israel, and displayed Saul’s headless body for their enjoyment (1st Sam. 31:5-10).
- The men of Jabesh-gilead repaid their debt to Saul by rescuing his body, and burying him at Jabesh (1st Sam. 31:11-13; cf. 1st Sam. 11:1-13).
1st Chronicles Chapter Nine
(Outline continues from Day 106)
- At the time of their Z-E-N* Returnings to the land, Ezra (the Chronicler) begins to review their spiritual heritage & history—beginning with the genealogy of Saul (1st Chr. 9:35-44), and introducing the history of Saul (1st Chr. 10).
1st Chronicles Chapter Ten
- Ezra begins his review of the spiritual heritage of Israel by recording the death of Saul (1st Chr. 10:1-14; 1st Sam. 31:1-13).
- For Ezra, the return from Babylon to Jerusalem was reminiscent of the transition from Saul to David.
- Ezra’s account of Saul’s death features a detail not found in 1st Samuel: the hanging of Saul’s head in the temple of Dagon (1st Chr. 10:10).
- Ezra’s account is more than a history—it is a spiritual commentary. The reign of Saul is ended and the dynasty of David begins as a Sovereign act of God as a consequence of Saul’s disobedience (1st Chr. 10:13,14).
1st Chronicles Chapter Twelve
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Men joined him on his way to the battle of Mt. Gilboa (1st Chr. 12:19), and on his way back to Ziklag (1st Chr. 12:20-22; 1st Sam. 30).
(Chapter Twelve continues on Day 116)
2nd Samuel Chapter One (+ 2 Sam. 4:4)
- Upon David’s return to Ziklag, he receives a report on the Philistine-Israel war (2nd Sam. 1:1-16).
- Since it is a three day journey from the battlefront to Ziklag (1st Sam. 30:1), David comes to know that the death of Saul & Jonathan occurred on the same day as the rescue of Abigail & Ahinoam.
- It was an Egyptian refugee that gave David good news (1st Sam. 30:13ff.), but it is an Amalekite refugee that gives David the bad news about Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:8).
- The Amalekite lies about his role in Saul’s death, in a worldly attempt to find favor in David’s eyes (2nd Sam. 1:6-10).
- David executes the Amalekite for his confessed role in Saul’s death (2nd Sam. 1:14-16).
- David composed a lament for Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:17-27).
- He intended the sons of Judah to learn the song (2nd Sam. 1:18a).
- It was recorded in the Book of Jashar (2nd Sam. 1:18b; cf. Josh. 10:13).
- He desired that this song not be made known to the Philistines (2nd Sam. 1:20).
- He curses the location of their death (2nd Sam. 1:21).
- He praises the life and union of Saul & Jonathan (2nd Sam. 1:22-24).
- He laments Jonathan especially in his conclusion (2nd Sam. 1:25-27).