Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 1 Sam. 20-21; Psa. 34


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1st Samuel Chapter Twenty

  1. David confronts Jonathan with Saul’s latest murder plot, but Jonathan has no knowledge of Saul’s current intentions (1st Sam. 20:1,2).
  2. David advises Jonathan on a plan of action, so that Jonathan can discover Saul’s true intentions (1st Sam. 20:3-8).
  3. Jonathan agrees to David’s plan, and initiates a procedure for surreptitious communication (1st Sam. 20:9-11,18-23).
  4. Jonathan & David make a covenant with one another, that recognizes the Lord’s will in anointing David to replace Saul (1st Sam. 20:12-17).
  5. Jonathan puts David’s plan into action, and finds out quite violently what Saul’s intentions are (1st Sam. 20:24-34).
  6. Jonathan uses his procedure for surreptitious communication, but then works against that plan by speaking directly with David (1st Sam. 20:35-42).

1st Samuel Chapter Twenty-One

  1. David’s flight takes him to Ahimelech the priest, at Nob (1st Sam. 21:1a).
    1. Ahimilech was a priest of the line of Ithamar, and descended from Eli (1st Chr. 24:3; 1st Kgs. 2:26,27).
    2. Nob was a town of priests, just north of Jerusalem in Benjamin (Isa. 10:32).
  2. Ahimelech is frightened by the manner in which David was coming to him (1st Sam. 21:1b).
  3. David invents a story (the old “secret mission” story) and asks the priest for assistance (1st Sam. 21:2-9).
  4. Doeg the Edomite observes David’s presence, and will be used by the Adversary to bring about a great evil (1st Sam. 21:7; 22:9,10,18,19; Ps. 52).
  5. David flees to the land of the Philistines (1st Sam. 21:10-15).
    1. He intends to offer himself to Achish for service, but the Philistine servants recognize him (1st Sam. 21:10,11).
    2. David acted insanely for the purpose of escaping from the Philistines (1st Sam. 21:12-15). Pastor Bob’s favorite rhetorical question in the entire Bible is featured here: do I lack madmen? Nice Wikipedia entry for Meshuga.

Psalm Thirty-Four

  1. Psalm 34 is an acrostic psalm.
    1. There is no verse beginning with ו.
    2. The surprise comes in Ps. 34:6 (Heb. v.7) with a verse that begins with ז: This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
    3. Since the acrostic ends at v.21, instead of v.22, the final verse of the chapter makes the overall point—David’s gospel message to the down-trodden.
  2. David has blessings and praise for the Lord Who delivered him from the Philistines (Ps. 34:1).
  3. David will boast in the Lord, and allow his failures to instruct others (Ps. 34:2,3).
  4. David’s Bible class was an encouragement to the down-trodden that had come to him for hope (Ps. 34:4-7; 1st Sam. 22:2).
  5. David’s Bible class was an exhortation to those down-trodden, to live for the Lord, and for His glory (Ps. 34:8-14).
  6. David’s Bible class was an exhibition of the Lord’s faithfulness towards believers, and the Lord’s righteous judgment against unbelievers (Ps. 34:15-22).

Several Logos resources are available to identify where the Psalms (and other OT passages) are quoted in the NT.

  • David Jones, Old Testament Quotations and Allusions in the New Testament (Psalm 34).
  • David Philipps, Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament (1st Peter 3).
  • Logos Interactive New Testament Use of the Old Testament (Psalm 34).
  • Logos Interactive Bible Books Explorer.