Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 1 Sam. 17:32-19:24; Psa. 59


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1st Samuel Chapter Seventeen

(Outline continues from yesterday)

  1. When it comes to Saul’s attention that David is willing to kill the giant, he does not believe it is possible for David to win (1st Sam. 17:31-37).
    1. David convinces King Saul that he is not unaccustomed to danger.
    2. David recounts his experience without boasting about it—simply describing the facts.
    3. In the eyes of Saul’s servants, David is a mighty man of valor (1stSam. 16:18), but in Saul’s eyes, he’s but a youth (1st Sam. 17:33).
  2. David’s confidence in the Lord convinces Saul that he is the one to fight the giant (1st Sam. 17:37b).
    1. Saul provides David with his own armor and weapons (1st Sam. 17:38).
    2. David felt uncomfortable with the untested (and ill-fitting) equipment, so he went forward with his shepherd’s weaponry (1st Sam. 17:39,40).
    3. Is it possible that David gathered five smooth stones (1st Sam. 17:40) because Goliath had four giant sons (2nd Sam. 21:15-22; 1st Chr. 20:4-8), and David intended to kill them all? Pastor Bob likes the idea.
  3. Goliath’s viewpoint of David from the standpoint of a pagan unbeliever matched Saul’s viewpoint of David from the standpoint of a reversionistic believer (1st Sam. 17:41-44).
  4. David approached the giant with the faith that the battle is the Lord’s (1st Sam. 17:45-47).
    1. Goliath’s weapons were according to the flesh (1st Sam. 17:45a; 2nd Cor. 10:4).
    2. David’s weapons were divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses (1st Sam. 17:45b; 2nd Cor. 10:4).
    3. David’s goal is to glorify the Lord God of Israel in the eyes of the unbelievers, and in the eyes of Israel (1st Sam. 17:46,47).
  5. The Lord used David’s shepherding weapons to achieve the victory (1st Sam. 17:48-50a), and the pagan’s weapons to achieve his own execution (1st Sam. 17:50b,51).
  6. The Philistines defy their obligation to become enslaved to Israel, and run in retreat (1st Sam. 17:52-54).
    1. David kept Goliath’s head, and weapons for souvenirs.
    2. The weapons will end up in the tabernacle at Nob (1st Sam. 21:9).
  7. Although Saul had greatly benefited from David’s prior musical ministry, he never bothered to find out David’s family, or the advantages he might find by an alliance with the house of Jesse (1st Sam. 17:55-58).

1st Samuel Chapter Eighteen

  1. Saul & Jonathan reacted differently to David’s victory over Goliath (1st Sam. 18:1,2).
    1. Jonathan found a fellow believer with a matching soul-capacity love for the Lord (1st Sam. 18:1).
    2. Saul found a mighty man of valor that he could attach to his staff (1st Sam. 18:2; cf. 14:52).
    3. Jonathan gave gifts to David, and exalted David over his own claim as crown-prince (1st Sam. 18:3,4).
    4. Saul used David, and sent him various places to win battles that Saul could not win (1st Sam. 18:5).
  2. David’s military success produced a jealousy on the part of King Saul (1st Sam. 18:6-9).
  3. Saul’s continued slide into reversionism was marked by the greater impact that his demonic affliction was permitted to have (1st Sam. 18:10,11). 
    1. As a believer, Saul cannot be possessed by demons (Lk. 11:21-26; 1st Cor. 6:19; 1st Jn. 4:4), but he can certainly be obsessed by them, as he submits to their influence (1st Tim. 4:1,2).
    2. Saul went through a demonic cycle of anger, fear, & dread (anger + fear).
    3. Even dispatching David to the frontier didn’t help, as everywhere David served produced even more victories (1st Sam. 18:12 16).
  4. Saul devises a plot “to snare” David into death at the hands of the Philistines (1st Sam. 18:17-30).
    1. The bait for Saul’s snare is his daughter’s hand in marriage.
    2. David declines Saul’s offer of marriage with Merab, as not being worthy of such a marriage arrangement (1st Sam. 18:17-19).
    3. Saul’s other daughter, Michal, actually loves David, so Saul has another chance to “snare” his enemy (1st Sam. 18:20,21).
    4. Saul also allays David’s concerns by “only” asking for a dowry of 100 Philistine foreskins (1st Sam. 18:22-27).
    5. Saul’s efforts are fruitless, however, as David presents the king with a double-portion dowry for his daughter.
      1. David is blessed with career success.
      2. David is blessed with marital success.

1st Samuel Chapter Nineteen

  1. Saul’s demonic affliction has driven him to the point of murder (1st Sam. 19:1a).
  2. Jonathan’s spiritual fellowship with David had become a great delight (1st Sam. 19:1b).  חָפֵץ chāphēts #2654: to delight in, take pleasure in. 
  3. Jonathan warns David of the murder plot, and urges Saul to recognize the Lord’s blessings upon him through David (1st Sam. 19:2-5).
  4. Saul listens to the wisdom of Jonathan, and rescinds the execution warrant (1st Sam. 19:6,7).
  5. The next Davidic victory drove Saul to murderous anger once again (1st Sam. 19:8-10).
  6. Saul has David’s house watched, in order to ambush him in the morning, but Michal warns David, and assists in his escape (1st Sam. 19:11-17 cf. Ps. 59 prescript).
    1. Michal covers for David with a lie, and provides him with additional time to make his escape.
    2. She places a teraphim (household idol) in the bed, and tells the guards that he is sick (1st Sam. 19:13,14).
    3. She tells another lie to her father to cover for her first lie (1st Sam. 19:15-17).
  7. David flees to Ramah, and stays with the Prophet Samuel (1st Sam. 19:18-24).
    1. Saul’s repeated messengers will be unable to arrest David (1st Sam. 19:20,21).
    2. Saul himself is unable to lay a hand on the Lord’s anointed (1st Sam. 19:22-24).

Psalm Fifty-Nine

  1. Psalm 59 is an Imprecatory Psalm, where David calls for God’s vengeance against his enemies.  The Imprecatory Psalms are: Ps. 35, 52, 55, 58, 59, 79, 109, &137.
  2. David opens his prayer (psalm) with an expectation of deliverance (Ps. 59:1,2).
    1. Deliver me.  נָצַל nātsal #5337: to snatch away, rescue, deliver (Ps. 22:20).
    2. Set me high away.  (NIV: protect me; NKJV: defend me).  שָׂגַב sāgab #7682: to be high, to be set (securely) on high (Ps. 20:1; 69:29; 91:14; 107:41).
    3. Save me.  יָשַׁע yāsha‘ #3467: to deliver, save (Ps. 86:2).
  3. David professes the innocence of his heart, and describes the wickedness of his enemies (Ps. 59:3-7).
  4. David enjoys the Sovereignty of God, Who laughs at his enemies (Ps. 59:8; 2:4; 37:13).
  5. David turns to the Lord for strength, and expects the Adversaries lies to be manifest for what they are (Ps. 59:9-15).
  6. David understands that spiritual conflict is cause for rejoicing because He provides the victory, and He is entitled to the praise (Ps. 59:16,17).