Today’s reading is: Job 22-25
Job Chapter Twenty-Two
- Eliphaz gives a third and final try to urge Job’s repentance (Job 22:1-30). Bildad will also speak a third time, giving a short rebuke and not bothering with a repentance call (Job 25:1‑6). Zophar doesn’t even bother with a third speech.
- Eliphaz launches a barrage of rhetorical questions to introduce his condemnation of Job (Job 22:2‑5).
- Can human strength and wisdom be useful? It is useless to both God and man (v.2).
- Is there pleasure or profit to human righteousness and morality? Not to God (v.3).
- Is it the fear of the Lord that prompts Divine judgment? Clearly not! (v.4).
- Aren’t you the great and unceasing sinner? Obviously! (v.5).
- Eliphaz recites a litany of accusations as proof of Job’s guilt (Job 22:6-11).
- He accuses Job of being an unfair creditor (v.6).
- He accuses Job of a lack of compassion to the poor, and partiality to the rich and powerful (vv.7-9).
- The conclusion: Job can have no hope (vv.10,11).
- Eliphaz admonishes Job concerning God’s omnipresence, & omniscience, and the certainty of God’s judgment (Job 22:12-14).
- Eliphaz reminds Job concerning the evil of the ancient world that God destroyed with the flood (Job 22:15-20).
- Eliphaz concludes with an appeal for Job’s repentance and confession (Job 22:21-30).
- “Submit” (NIV), “Yield” (NASB), “Acquaint” (KJV, NKJV), “Agree with God” (RSV, NRSV) (Job 22:21).
- הַסְכֶּן־נָא hasken-na’ [v.hifil.imper.] סָכַן sākan #5532: to be of use, service, profit, or benefit. [hifil]: to be used, exhibit use, show harmony with, be familiar with, know intimately. Two uses of sākan aren’t much help here, with Balaam’s ass, and David’s bed-warmer (Num. 22:30x2; 1st Kgs. 1:2,4).
- Know intimately is a use of sākan that would be consistent with Ps. 139:3.
- “Be of use to God” is a use of sākan that would be consistent with Job 22:2. See 2nd Tim. 2:21-23 for the application of usefulness in the Christian Way of Life.
- The core of the confession message (v.23).
- A mental-attitude return to Shaddai. שׁוּב shuwb #7725: to turn back, return.
- A removal of all unrighteousness. God is pleased to accomplish this on our behalf as we confess our sins (1st Jn. 1:9).
Job Chapter Twenty-Three
- Job announces another day for complaint and rebellion (Job 23:2a), and denies that prayer has any value (Job 23:2b).
- Job laments his inability to enter evidence before God’s judicial seat (Job 23:3-17).
- He knows that he cannot match God’s power (v.6a), but he is confident that he can match God’s wisdom and judgment (v.6b,7).
- Although Job can’t observe God (vv.8,9), God observes him and his post mortem lifework evaluation will shine brightly (v.10), having spent his life abiding in the Word of God (vv.11,12).
- Job is awed and humbled by God’s majesty (vv.13-16), but won’t yet close his mouth (v.17 cf. 40:4,5; 42:1-6).
Job Chapter Twenty-Four
- Job demands an explanation for why God is so slow to judge the wicked (Job 24:1). The Days of Shaddai seems to be the anticipated times of judgement stored up against wickedness (Jude 14-15).
- The wicked pursue their own evil (Job 24:2-4a) leaving their victimized society in a terrible state (Job 24:4b-12).
- A culture of darkness operates exclusively in the night hours (Job 24:13-17).
- Such sinners may have a brief security in their day, but depart with no one’s regret (Job 24:18-25 cf. 2nd Chr. 21:20).
Job Chapter Twenty-Five
- Bildad follows Eliphaz with a third and final rebuke for Job (Job 25:1-6).
- Bildad’s message is short and simple: God is God and you’re a maggot.
- Bildad reasserts his conclusion that Job isn’t even saved, and needs God’s gracious provision to be made righteous & clean.
- צָדַק tsādaq #6663: be just, righteous.
- זָכָה zākāh #2135: be clear, pure.
This was the also a feature of Eliphaz’ second speech (Job 15:14-16).