Today’s reading is: Gen. 15-17
Genesis Chapter Fifteen
- The third affirmation of the Abrahamic Covenant is given to Abraham as he starts to think through his lack of offspring (Gen. 15:1-5).
- God promises a son from Abraham’s own body (Gen. 15:4).
- God illustrates the number of descendants by using the stars of heaven for an example (Gen. 15:5).
- Gen. 15:6 is an outstanding illustration of salvation by grace through faith. Abraham believed the Lord, and God’s Righteousness was imputed to Abraham’s account.
- God’s judicial imputation of Righteousness (Positional Justification) is His action on man’s behalf when man is saved from eternal condemnation in the lake of fire (Rom. 4:5,13,16,24).
- Experiential Justification comes about when a believer makes application of God’s Word to his life and bears fruit accordingly (Jas. 2:14-26).
- The Abrahamic Covenant is ratified when God Himself passes between the animal sacrifices (Gen. 15:7-21).
- The Lord passes between the animals, but Abraham is sleeping and does not pass between them.
- The bondage of Israel in Egypt is prophetically revealed to Abraham, as is his own peaceful death (Gen. 15:13-16).
Genesis Chapter Sixteen
- Sarah begins to doubt the Lord’s promises to Abraham, and finds a human solution to their childless circumstances (Gen. 16:1&2).
- An Egyptian maid. שִׁפְחָה מִצְרִית. שִׁפְחָה shiphchāh #8198: maid, maid-servant (Acquired in Gen. 12:16).
- Hagar. הָגָר hāgār #1904: flight. deriv. uncertain.
- The practice of “surrogate” mothering was acceptable in Nuzi law, and likely other cultures of the ancient world.
- Abraham listened to the voice of his wife, and failed to seek the will of God (Gen. 16:2b).
- Abraham married Hagar as a concubine/wife (Gen. 16:3). אִשָּׁה ’ishshāh #802: wife, woman. פִּלֶגֶשׁ pilegesh #6370: concubine (Gen. 25:6).
- Hagar developed Mental Attitude Sin against Sarah after Hagar conceived (Gen. 16:4).
- Sarah responded with Mental Attitude Sin, and Overt Sin against Hagar (Gen. 16:5,6).
- Hagar flees from Sarah, and encounters the Lord (Gen. 16:7-14).
- This is the first appearance of the Angel of the Lord (Gen. 16:7,9,10,11), and yet previous encounters with the Lord may have also been appearances of the Angel of the Lord (e.g. Gen. 12:1,7).
- He addressed her as Hagar, Sarai’s maid (not Hagar, Abram’s wife) (Gen. 16:8).
- The Lord instructs the runaway slave to return and submit to unjust authority (Gen. 16:9).
- The Lord prophesies blessings upon Ishmael (Gen. 16:10-12).
- Abraham fathered Ishmael at the age of 86. He will wait another 14 years before Isaac will be born.
Genesis Chapter Seventeen
- Abraham receives the final confirmation of the Abrahamic Covenant at the age of 99 (Gen. 17:1).
- God reveals Himself as אֵל שַׁדַּי El Shaddai.
- God expects Abraham to walk before Him and be blameless.
- God gives the name of Abraham to Abram, and renames Sarai as Sarah (Gen. 17:5,15).
- Abram. אַבְרָם #87: exalted father.
- Abraham. אַבְרָהָם #85: father of a multitude.
- Sarai. שָׂרַי #8297: princess.
- Sarah. שָׂרָה #8283: noble woman.
- God establishes physical circumcision as the sign of the covenant between Him and Abraham (Gen. 17:9-14,23-27).
- Abraham laughed at the promise of God and desired for Ishmael to be the Son of Promise (Gen. 17:17,18).
- God answered Abraham’s specific request with a “no” but his heart’s desire with a “yes.” Ishmael will be blessed as a son of Abraham (Gen. 17:20,21).
- Isaac “laughter” is a son of promise, named by God before his birth (Gen. 17:19,21). יִצְחָק #3327: he laughs.