Today’s reading is: Est. 5-10
Esther Chapter Five
- Esther walked by faith and was received in grace (Est. 5:1-4).
- She is offered to name anything her heart desires (v.3).
- She invites Ahasuerus & Haman to a prepared banquet (v.4).
- The first letters of the phrase “Let the King and Haman come today” spell the divine name YHWH.
- The only book of the Old Testament to not name the name of God quite specifically highlights it here. In a few codices the letters for YHWH are written in an extra-large fashion to highlight them.
- At Esther’s banquet, Ahasuerus again offers Esther to request anything of him (Est. 5:5,6). Esther asks the King to return with Haman for a second banquet the next day, at which time she will voice her request (Est. 5:7-8).
- Haman’s proud heart was angered by the sight of Mordecai, and he decides to not wait until the decreed execution date (Est. 5:9-14).
Esther Chapter Six
- The Lord prevented Ahasuerus from sleeping, and sovereignly determined the reading material the King would “just happen” to read (Est. 6:1-2).
- When Ahasuerus realized that Mordecai was unrewarded for his service, he determines to reward him (Est. 6:3).
- The Divine humor of God (Psa. 2:4) sovereignly determined for Haman to become the planner of Mordecai’s exaltation (Est. 6:4-9).
- Haman was forced to honor Mordecai in an ironic twist that left him humiliated (Est. 6:10-14).
Esther Chapter Seven
- At Esther’s second banquet, she makes her request of the King—save her and her people from wicked Haman’s great evil (Est. 7:1-6).
- Ahasuerus stormed into the garden in his anger perhaps considering how to undo Haman’s edict (Est. 7:7).
- Ahasuerus returns and observes Haman’s prostration before the Queen; and orders Haman’s execution (Est. 7:8-10).
Esther Chapter Eight
- Mordecai was exalted to Haman’s office, and given the house of Haman for a possession (Est. 8:1-2).
- Esther made a second faith approach to the King, and begged for a revocation of Haman’s edict (Est. 8:3-6).
- Ahasuerus permits Mordecai to write any edict he desires in the King’s name (Est. 8:7-8).
- Mordecai cannot undo Haman’s edict, so he issues an edict arming the Jews and permitting them to defend themselves against the pending massacre (Est. 8:9-14).
- Mordecai’s salt & light in Persia blessed both Jews and Gentiles (Est. 8:15-17).
Esther Chapter Nine
- When the execution day arrived, as determined by the Pur, the Jews defended themselves spectacularly (Est. 9:1-10).
- The Jews killed their enemies.
- The Jews did not plunder their enemies.
- The Jews needed a second day of battle to finish destroying the agents of Haman in Susa (Est. 9:11-19).
- The 14th of Adar became a Jewish holiday outside of Susa.
- The 15th of Adar became a Jewish holiday in Susa.
- The death 75,800 throughout Persia seems high at first until the total populations are taken into account. The Jews numbered approximately 3,000,000 (3%) of a total Persian population of 100,000,000.
- These two days were established by Mordecai and Esther as the Feast of Purim (Est. 9:20-32).
Esther Chapter Ten
- The epilogue to the Book of Esther highlights the glory of Ahasuerus and the greater glory of Mordecai as recorded in the chronicles of the Medes & Persians (Est. 10:1-3).
- Mordecai is attested in secular history: [WBE]
- An undated cuneiform document found at Borsippa (near Babylon), mentions a Mardukâ who was a high official at Susa in the court of Xerxes I; his title, sipır, indicates he was an influential counselor.
- Ctesias (xiii. 51) writes about Matakas who “was the most influential of the eunuchs.”