Daily reading

Today’s reading is: 1 Kgs. 3:16-28; 5-6; 2 Chr. 2:1-3:14


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1st Kings Three

(Outline continues from yesterday)

  1. Solomon’s Divinely provided wisdom is put on immediate display (1st Kgs. 3:16-28).

1st Kings Five

  1. Hiram, king of Tyre, continued his friendship with Israel by blessing Solomon (1st Kgs. 5:1-12; cp. 2nd Sam. 5:11).
  2. The work for the temple was accomplished by freewill service, and forced labor (1st Kgs. 5:13-18).  This forced labor will become a divisive issue in the civil war (1st Kgs. 12:18).

1st Kings Six

  1. 1st Kings 6:1 establishes an important time-frame for Old Testament chronology.
    1. The four hundred and eightieth year after the Exodus marks the beginning of the construction of Solomon’s temple.
    2. Solomon’s reign was from 971-931BC.
    3. Solomon’s fourth regnal year was the year 967-966BC.  The month Zif, as a spring month places the beginning of the construction in 966BC.
    4. The identification of this year as the 480th year after the Exodus gives us a 1445BC date for that event.  (See TTB Day 001 for overall OT chronological notes including the dating of the Exodus).
  2. Solomon’s temple is described (1st Kgs. 6:2-10,14-36).
    1. The basic design, and furnishings were similar to the tabernacle design and furnishings.
      1. The temple had a holy place and a most holy place.
      2. The temple had all the furnishings the tabernacle had, culminating with the Ark of the Covenant in the most holy place.
    2. The differences between the tabernacle and the temple are differences of function.
      1. The Tabernacle was designed as a portable tent, easily broken down and carried from camp to camp.
      2. The Temple was designed as a permanent building, showing the permanence of Israel’s occupation of the land. 
  3. The Lord addresses the application of the Davidic Covenant to Solomon (1st Kgs. 6:11-13).
    1. The Davidic Covenant is an unconditional covenant, promising specific eternal blessings to David’s Seed (the Lord Jesus Christ) (2nd Sam. 7:8-16).
    2. Enjoyment of Davidic blessings to other representatives of David’s seed was conditional to their imitation of David’s faithfulness (2nd Sam. 7:14-15; 1st Kgs. 11:4,6,38; 15:3-5,11; 2nd Kgs. 14:3; 16:2; 18:3; 22:2).
  4. The summary of the temple construction is described (1st Kgs. 6:37-38).  Seven years is more precisely 7 ½ years as the month of Bul is six months after the month of Ziv.

2nd Chronicles Two

  1. Solomon intends to build a temple to the LORD and a palace for himself (2nd Chr. 2:1).
  2. Solomon uses the opportunity of his building project to testify to Hiram concerning the glory of the LORD (2nd Chr. 2:5-6).
  3. Solomon contracts with Hiram for a skilled man to superintend the temple project (2nd Chr. 2:7).
  4. Hiram was pleased to bless Solomon, as he celebrated the LORD’s grace in David & David’s children (2nd Chr. 2:11-12).
  5. Hiram the Craftsman (called here: Huram abi) is sent from Tyre to superintend the temple project (2nd Chr. 2:13-16).
  6. Solomon impressed all the aliens living in the land of Israel, and put them to work in building the temple (2nd Chr. 2:17-18).

2nd Chronicles Three

  1. The location for the temple was the scene of two great tests:
    1. Mt. Moriah, where Abraham was tested in the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22:2).
    2. The threshing floor of Araunah Ornan the Jebusite, where David was tested in the angelic conflict (1st Chr. 21:1,18).
  2. The temple work began in the 4th year of his reign.  The year was 966BC.
  3. Solomon’s temple measured 60 cubits by 20 cubits (2nd Chr. 3:3).
    1. The Tabernacle courtyard was 100 cubits by 50 cubits (Ex. 27:18), but the Tabernacle itself was 30 cubits by 10 cubits (Ex. 26:15ff.).
    2. The Millennial temple will likewise be 60 by 20 cubits, but will have a much larger courtyard, with additional buildings (Ezek. 41:2-4).
  4. Solomon’s porch is a new feature that was not found in the Tabernacle (2nd Chr. 3:4).

(Chapter Three outline continues tomorrow)