Today’s reading is: Era 4: The United Monarchy. 1050-930BC
An introductory class to prepare for Day 105 through Day 163. Scriptures covered in this era include 1st & 2nd Samuel, half of 1st Kings, selections from 1st & 2nd Chronicles, most of Psalms and Proverbs, as well as Ecclesiastes & Song of Solomon.
Recapping TTB YTD
Era 1—Creation of Adam to the death of Joseph
Intro Day 001 + Days 002-032 5523-1774BC (3.75 millennia in 31 messages)
Era 2—The Life of Moses
Intro Day 033 + Days 034-083 1526-1406BC (120+ years in 81 messages)
Era 3—Joshua, Judges, Ruth
Intro Day 084 + Days 085-103 1406-1050BC (350+ years in 19 messages)
Era 4—Saul, David, Solomon
Intro Day 104 + Days 105-163 1050-930BC (120+ years 59 messages)
Monarchy, Wisdom, Prophecy: a Messianic Milieu
In bringing Israel from Egypt through the Wilderness into the Promised Land, and in guiding their Conquest and Settlement, the question may be rightly asked “what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision?” (Rom. 3:1). God’s answer to that question sets the stage for Era 4. “Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.” (Rom. 3:2).
Moses provided the Law/Torah/Pentateuch. Joshua & Judges (likely written by Joshua & Samuel) expanded the Hebrew Canon into a Heptateuch.
Era 4: The United Monarchy provided not just an expansion, but a tremendous theological revelational progression beyond the Heptateuch into a triad of Law, Prophets and Writings. The literary and musical production of this era profoundly impacted Israel in their stewardship, but will also reverberate into the Church when a Greek Canon combines with the Hebrew.
The Pentateuch supplies short Messianic glimpses (Gen. 3:15; 9:25-27; 12:1-3; 49:8-12; Num. 24:17-19; Deut. 17:14-20; 18:15-19).
David and Solomon go so far beyond Moses in revealing the Coming Messiah, and the Messianic Kingdom (Ps. 2; 8; 16; 22; 40; 45; 69; 72; 89; 109; 110; 118; 132; Prov. 8:22-31; 30:4).
Beyond their writings, the canonical narratives of their lives provide abundant Messianic material (1st Sam. 17; 2nd Sam. 7:1-29; 23:1-7).
Regarding David & Goliath, James Allman writes the following in The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy (p.382).
So David proved the unlikely hero, hated by his brothers and turned over to death by the rejected king of Israel. But he went out to battle with his people’s enemy and won a great victory, delivering them from slavery and oppression. This sounds remarkably like another story, one that would come centuries later: a story about another man from Bethlehem, an unlikely Hero (for He grew up in Nazareth); a Hero despised by His brothers; a Hero committed to death by a rejected ruler of Israel; a Hero who would fight His people’s battle and free them from slavery and death; a Hero driven to act to defend and enhance the glory of God. This is the anticipated Messiah, the deliverer of Israel.