Today’s reading is: Ex. 4:18-7:13
Exodus Chapter Four
(Outline continues from yesterday)
- Moses departs from Jethro’s house (Ex. 4:18-20).
- His explanation to the priest of Midian is rather weak (v.18).
- Jethro counsels Moses to Go in peace (v.18).
- The Lord tells Moses that his enemies are now dead (v.19). The timing of this statement is interesting. It appears that Moses asked the Lord whether taking his family was a good decision.
- Moses packs up Zipporah, Gershom, and Eliezer (v.20).
- On the way to Egypt, the Lord revealed to Moses the ten-plague schedule that would be necessary to break Pharaoh’s hardened heart (Ex. 4:21-23).
- Also on the way to Egypt, the Lord arrived to kill Moses (Ex. 4:24-26).
- Moses had allowed Zipporah’s negative volition to prevent his son’s circumcision (v.25). Gershom? Eliezer?
- Zipporah angrily circumcises the boy, and throws the foreskin at “his” feet (v.26). Moses’ feet? The Lord’s feet?
- Zipporah does not appear again until Exodus 18:2, where it appears that at Exodus 4:26 Moses sent her back to Jethro.
- The Lord sends Aaron to Moses, and they go to the elders of Israel with the Lord’s message (Ex. 4:27-31).
- They meet at the Mountain of God (v.27). Mt. Horeb, see above.
- Moses brings Aaron up-to-date on “their” work-assignment (v.28).
- Together, they assemble the elders of Israel, and Aaron bears the fruit in Moses’ place (vv.29,30; cf. Rev. 3:11).
- Israel believed the message, as the Lord had promised (v.31 cp. 3:18).
Exodus Chapter Five
- Moses and Aaron delivered the Lord’s message to Pharaoh (Ex. 5:1-5).
- They speak on behalf of YHWH, the Elohiym of Israel (v.1a).
- The purpose for the release of Israel is their worship of YHWH in the wilderness (v.1b).
- Pharaoh states that he does not know YHWH, does not need to obey YHWH, and does not want to release Israel from service (v.2).
- Moses & Aaron identify YHWH as the Elohiym of the Hebrews, and warn about the Divine judgment that comes upon disobedience (v.3).
- Pharaoh rejects the threat, and orders Moses, Aaron, and all Israel back to work (vv.4,5).
- Pharaoh viewed his slaves as growing restless, and intensified their work-load (Ex. 5:6-21).
- Pharaoh issues orders the Egyptian taskmasters and Hebrew foremen (v.6).
- The slaves are to obtain their own straw, and yet their quota of bricks is not to be reduced (vv.7,8a).
- Pharaoh accuses the slaves of laziness (v.8b), and desires to discredit the words of Moses & Aaron in their mind (v.9).
- The taskmasters and foremen implemented Pharaoh’s order, and Israel complied (vv.10-12).
- The foremen were beaten when they could not meet the taskmasters’ quota (vv.13,14), and tried in vain to plead with Pharaoh (vv.15-19).
- After leaving Pharaoh, the foremen blamed Moses and Aaron for their adversity (vv.20,21)—a pattern they would repeat throughout the Exodus and wilderness wanderings (Ex. 14:11,12; 15:24; 16:2,8)!
- Moses returned the Lord in prayer and laments his work-assignment, and its failure (Ex. 5:22,23).
Exodus Chapter Six
- The Lord answered Moses faithless prayer by highlighting how the deliverance would be accomplished by a strong hand (Ex. 6:1; 3:19).
- The Lord extended comfort to Moses, and gave him a message for the comfort of Israel (Ex. 6:2-9).
- The Lord highlighted the present intimacy that not even Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob enjoyed (vv.2,3; Ex. 3:13-15).
- The Lord reminded Moses of the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant, which contained land blessings (vv.4,5; Gen. 12:7; 26:3,4; 28:13).
- The Lord promised Israel to deliver them from bondage, and bring them into the land of Abraham’s inheritance (vv.6-8). Verse 6 has the first of two uses of גָּאַל gā’al #1350: to redeem, in the Book of Exodus. (The other is at 15:13).
- Moses faithfully delivered the Lord’s message to Israel, but they would not listen (v.9).
- The Lord instructed Moses to make a second appeal to Pharaoh for Israel’s release (Ex. 6:10-13,28-30).
- Moses complains that he is not qualified to do the work, and that he is doomed to fail (vv.12,30).
- The Lord gave Moses and Aaron “a charge” to face the hostility of Israel, to face the hostility of Pharaoh, and to bring Israel out of Egypt (v.13 cf. Ezek. 3:8,9; 2nd Tim. 4:1,2).
- The tribes, clans, and families of Israel are identified (Ex. 6:14-27), as they were when they arrived in Egypt (Gen. 46:8-27).
Exodus Chapter Seven
- The Lord establishes an amazing picture for Moses and Aaron to portray before Pharaoh (Ex. 7:1,2).
- Moses will be “God” (to Pharaoh), and Aaron will be Moses’ “prophet.”
- The shadow finds a repetition in the Lord Jesus Christ as God (in humility), and John the Baptist as His prophetic herald (Matt. 11:7-15; 17:12,13).
- The shadow finds a Satanically imitated perversion in the two beasts of Rev. 13.
- The shadow finds its final fulfillment in the Lord Jesus Christ as God (in glory), and Elijah as His prophetic herald (Matt. 11:7-15; 17:11).
- Pharaoh’s first volitional opportunity to release Israel (Ex. 5:2,4) results in the following involuntary hardening of the heart, and the mighty hand deliverance of Israel (Ex. 6:1; 7:3-5).
- This will be a demonstration of Divine power for all Egypt to bear witness of (v.5).
- This will be a demonstration of Divine power for all Israel to bear witness of (Ex. 14:30,31).
- This will be a demonstration of Divine power for all the surrounding nations to bear witness of (Ex. 15:14-16; Josh. 2:9,10).
- Moses and Aaron approached Pharaoh for the second time, and faithfully began to accomplish the Lord’s work (Ex. 7:6-13).
- Pharaoh challenges Moses and Aaron to work a miracle (v.9; cf. 5:3).
- Moses commands Aaron to throw down his (Aaron’s) staff, and it becomes a dragon (vv.9,10). תַּנִּין tanniyn #8577 (Job 7:12; Ps. 74:13; Isa. 27:1; 51:9).
- Pharaoh’s Satanic advisors attempt to counteract the power of God (vv.11,12).
- Wise men. חָכָם chākām #2450: wise, wise man. Demonic wisdom, of course (Jas. 3:15).
- Sorcerers. כָּשַׁף kāshaph #3784: sorcerer. The root probably means ‘to cut’ and refers to herbs cut for charms and spells.
- Magicians. חַרְטֹם chartōm #2748: diviner, magician, astrologer. From an Egyptian term, chief lector-priest.
- Secret arts. לָט lāt #3909: secrecy, mystery, enchantment. Whispers, incantations.
- Their works of Satanic power actually worked (v.12)!
- Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, in fulfillment of the Lord’s perfect will (v.13; cp. 4:21).
(Chapter Seven continues tomorrow)