Today’s reading is: Gen. 42:1-45:15
Genesis Chapter Forty-Two
- Jacob (not as Israel) is preoccupied with his physical death, and sends his ten oldest sons to obtain Gentile provision from outside the land of promise (Gen. 42:1,2).
- He does not seek the Lord’s will.
- He won’t risk sending Benjamin (v.4).
- The ten brothers don’t recognize Zaphenath-paneah as the young Joseph they sold over 20 years ago (Gen. 42:3-8).
- Joseph recognizes the fulfillment of his childhood dreams (Gen. 42:9a; 37:5-11).
- Joseph interrogates his brothers (through an interpreter, v.23), and inquires about Jacob and Benjamin (Gen. 42:9b-13).
- Joseph proposes a test to prove that the brothers are not spies (Gen. 42:14-20). In reality, he is desirous to see young Benjamin (vv.15,16,20; Gen. 43:7).
- He imprisons them all for three days to sweat it out, and think it over (vv.16,17).
- He keeps one brother as a hostage, and releases the rest to prove their innocence (vv.18-20).
- God the Father sovereignly designated the brothers’ memories to recall their evil against Joseph (vv.21-23). This nearly brings about Joseph’s emotional breakdown (v.24a).
- Joseph keeps Simeon as his hostage, and sends the brothers back to Canaan (Gen. 42:24b-38).
- Joseph provided for their food, and secretly refunded the entire sum of money (vv.25‑28).
- The brothers’ reported to Jacob, and he responded with the human viewpoint of despair (vv.29‑36).
- Reuben’s offer is no comfort, and Jacob intensifies his depression (vv.37,38).
Genesis Chapter Forty-Three
- Jacob’s food supply is exhausted, and once again he must look to Egypt to provide (Gen. 43:1,2).
- Judah offers comfort and encouragement to Jacob by emphasizing life rather than death, and reminding Jacob of his responsibility to the grandchildren & great-grandchildren (Gen. 43:3-10).
- Jacob, as Israel, responds to the encouragement, and blesses the journey to Egypt (Gen. 43:11-15).
- He designates a gift to Zaphenath-paneah (vv.11,12).
- He allows Benjamin to go (v.13).
- He commends them to the compassion of El Shaddai (v.14).
- Joseph observes Benjamin with his brothers, and orders the brothers to his house for a noon meal (Gen. 43:16-25).
- The brothers are fearful that Zaphenath-paneah’s invitation has ulterior motives (v.18).
- Joseph’s house steward put their fears to rest (vv.19-25).
- Joseph greets his brothers (Gen. 43:26-34).
- He questions them concerning their father (vv.27,28).
- Joseph’s closer examination of Benjamin nearly brings about another emotional breakdown (vv.29‑31).
- They dine at separate (small) tables because of the Egyptians’ racial prejudice (v.32).
- The brothers are amazed when they realize that Joseph has seated them from Reuben to Benjamin in age-order (v.33).
- The brothers were relaxed by Zaphenath-paneah’s generosity, and Benjamin was especially blessed (v.34).
Genesis Chapter Forty-Four
- Joseph sends his brothers back to Canaan (Gen. 44:1-3).
- He again has each man’s money returned (v.1).
- He also has his silver cup planted in Benjamin’s sack (v.2).
- Joseph dispatches his house steward to arrest the brothers for stealing his silver cup (Gen. 44:3-13).
- Back in the house of Zaphenath-paneah, Judah takes the leadership, and pleads for the life of his brother Benjamin (Gen. 44:14-34).
- Judah expresses compassion for the sorrows of his father Jacob (vv.30,31).
- Judah accepts the responsibility he had previously taken (v.32; Gen. 43:9,10).
- Judah offers to bear the penalty as a substitute for Benjamin, sacrificing himself for the benefit of his father (vv.33,34).
Genesis Chapter Forty-Five
- Judah’s expression of sacrificial love was too much for Joseph, and he finally broke down in his emotions (Gen. 45:1-3).
- He ordered all Egyptian servants out of their presence (v.1).
- He wailed in his grief, and could not believe that his father was still alive (vv.2,3a).
- The brothers had no answer for him, as they were caught up into and by his emotional outburst (v.3b).
- Joseph pulls himself together, and draws his brothers near (Gen. 45:4-15).
- Joseph urges them to not dwell upon past failures, but to rejoice in God’s overruling will (vv.5-8).
- Joseph recommends a course of action for his brothers to follow (vv.9‑13).
- With all the secrets and deceptions past, Joseph and his brothers are able to have a true reunion and fellowship (vv.14,15).
(Chapter Forty-Five continues tomorrow)